Pechera Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Ukraine
Region
Vinnytsia
District
Tul'chyn
Settlement
Pechera
Site address
Cemetery does not have an address. The cemetery is located around 300 metres southeast from the bridge crossing the River Bug on a rocky hill, just outside the northeastern exit of the village.
GPS coordinates
48.85509, 28.73068
Perimeter length
508 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
no
Type and height of existing fence
There is a rusty gate, but no fence.
Preservation condition
Unfenced Jewish cemetery
General site condition
The cemetery is overgrown with seasonal vegetation. There is a mass grave on the site.
Number of existing gravestones
Approximately 60.
Date of oldest tombstone
1900 (the earliest tombstone found by ESJF).
Date of newest tombstone
1943 (mass grave) (the latest tombstone found by ESJF).
Urgency of erecting a fence
High
Land ownership
Municipality
Preserved construction on site
No
Drone surveys
Yes

Historical overview

According to IAJGS, the Jewish cemetery was established in the 17th century. It can be found marked on a map of Western Russia from the 1900s.

The earliest known Jewish community dates to the 17th century and by 1765, the Jewish population numbered 135 Jews. According to the census of 1847, there were 702 Jews living there. From 1880, the rabbi was Azriel Rabinovich. At this time, there already was a cemetery, in which Jews from Shpykiv were also buried.
In 1889, there were 2 synagogues. According to the census of 1897, there were 896 Jews, which was 36.4% of the town. In 1914 Jews owned both timber yards, both pharmacy goods stores and 9 dry goods stores. On July 20-25, 1919 the Jewish community suffered from a pogrom, in which nearly all of the Jews were killed and by 1926 only 62 Jews remained.
Pechera was occupied in July 1941. On December 1st the Romanians set up the concentration camp and a few dozen Jews were brought there from Bessarabia and Bukovina. Over 6,500-11,000 Jews were brought to the camp, of which 2,500-4,000 died.
In the middle of March 1944, 1,550 survivors were liberated.

The exact period of the cemetery’s establishment is unknown. According to IAJGS, the Jewish cemetery was established in the XVII century. The cemetery is marked on the maps of the 1900s. The earliest gravestone found dates to 1900, the most recent to 1943. There are around 60 gravestones and a mass grave.

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