Pacanow Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Poland
Region
Świetokrzyskie Voivodeship
District
Busko Zdrój
Settlement
Pacanów
Site address
8, Stopnicka Street.
GPS coordinates
50.401141, 21.037795
Perimeter length
360 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
yes
Type and height of existing fence
A small non-overbuilt area , which is now used as a memorial, is fenced with a wire fence, 1.5m high.
Preservation condition
Demolished and overbuilt Jewish cemetery
General site condition
It is a demolished cemetery. The majority of the territory has been overbuilt with a fire station. A small non-overbuilt land plot has been fenced and rebuilt as a memorial. It has a memorial plaque and 5 fragments of matzevot.
Number of existing gravestones
5 fragments were returned to the cemetery and placed in a grave.
Date of oldest tombstone
N/A
Date of newest tombstone
N/A
Urgency of erecting a fence
Fence is not needed
Land ownership
Property of local community
Preserved construction on site
No
Drone surveys
No

Historical overview

The first Jewish settlement in Pacanów dates back to the 16th century. In 1921, 1,689 Jews lived in the town, which was 65% of the total population. The majority of them were murdered by the Germans in Treblinka in 1942.

The cemetery is located approximately 200m north-west of the market square, at Stopnicka Street.
The cemetery was likely founded in the second half of the 17th century. In the interwar period, it covered a L shaped plot. There was a funeral house at the entrance and the area was fenced.

During World War II, the bodies of the dead and murdered in the ghetto, including about 60 people murdered in October 1942, were buried in the cemetery. At that time, the destruction of the cemetery began.

On September 20th 1960, the Minister of Municipal Economy signed an order to close the cemetery. The documentation attached to the ordinance states: “The Jewish cemetery in Pacanów with the area of 7,013m² is devastated. Valuable tombstones and monuments were destroyed during the occupation. The facility has already lost its cemetery character and is properly used as a pasture. The southern part of the cemetery has been closed since 1900. In the northern part, the bodies were last buried in 1942”.

A fire station was built on the site of the cemetery. Between 1980 & 2000, the building housed a branch of the Krakow Electronic Factory “Unitra-Telpod”. After 1987, at the edge of the cemetery, a monument was placed with the inscription: “Jewish cemetery in Pacanów, established in the 17th century. Closed for burial purposes. Object legally protected ”. In 2000, the Volunteer Fire Department in Pacanów returned to the building.

In 2020, at the initiative of students of the Kornel Makuszyński Primary School in Pacanów and Henryk Góra, a new monument was built, a few found tombstones were placed around it and a lapidarium was fenced. The owner of the cemetery is the Pacanów Municipality. The cemetery is listed in the Provincial Monuments Register (E-1987-04-30).