Oles’ko New Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Ukraine
Region
Lviv
District
Busk
Settlement
Oles'ko
Site address
Oles'ko New Jewish Cemetery
GPS coordinates
49.96492,24.87565
Perimeter length
371 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
yes
Type and height of existing fence
Type of the fence
Preservation condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery
General site condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery. The territory is slightly overgrown. The fence is in good condition. Presumably, the site was bought and fenced by the Jewish community.
Number of existing gravestones
2 (and about 20 fragments)
Date of oldest tombstone
1794 (oldest found by ESJF expedition)
Date of newest tombstone
Urgency of erecting a fence
Fence is not needed
Land ownership
Private
Preserved construction on site
There is an ohel of Chanoch Dov (died in 1884) on the site.
Drone surveys
Yes

Historical overview

The exact period of the cemetery’s establishment is unknown. First, it was marked on Polish maps of Wojskowy Instytut Geograficzny (WIG) of the 1930s. The oldest preserved gravestone relates to the end of the 18th century. The Jews of Oles’ko are first mentioned in the 16th century. Many Oles’ko Jews perished during the Tatar raid in 1579. In 1608, a synagogue operated. Hanoch-Genneh Meyer (1800–1884) founded the Oles’k Hasidic dynasty in the middle of the 18th century. In 1857, 461 Jews lived in Oles’ko (17.7% of the total population). The Jewish population increased to 773 (23.4% of the total population) in 1890. The Hasidic court of Hanoch-Genekh Vagshal sat in the early 20th century. The peak of the Jewish population was 832 (20,5% of the total population) in 1910. In the interwar period, it stood up 636 (17.4%) in 1921 and 738 in 1935. During the German occupation, in January 1942, 472 Jews were deported to the Belzec death camp. On March 6, 1943, a Jewish labour camp for about 150 people was established. It was liquidated in June 1943.