Novoselytsya Jewish Cemetery (Russian side)

Cemetery Information

Country
Ukraine
Region
Chernivtsi
District
Novoselytsya
Settlement
Novoselytsya
Site address
From Novoselitsya go to Strointsy. 200 m in front of the first houses, turn right and after 400 m – one more turn right to the dirt road. After the Christian cemetery – turn left 150 m along the field road to the cemetery gate.
GPS coordinates
48.24248, 26.26843
Perimeter length
557 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
no
Type and height of existing fence
Concrete fence 2 metres high.
Preservation condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery
General site condition
The cemetery is well-maintained.
Number of existing gravestones
Around 2,000
Date of oldest tombstone
1830s
Date of newest tombstone
2010s
Urgency of erecting a fence
Fence is not needed
Land ownership
Property of local community
Preserved construction on site
There is a cemetery keeper’s house on the site.
Drone surveys
No

Historical overview

The exact period of the cemetery’s establishment is unknown. First, it was marked on a map of the 1860s. The cemetery is still operating.

Jews were present in Novoselytsya from the late 18th century. Two Jewish communities existed in Novoselytsya. These communities were divided by the Rakitna river to the Austrian and Russian sides. In 1780, a synagogue was erected. 81 Jewish families resided in 1847. It grew to 3,998 (66,1% of the total) by 1897. In 1917 a Hebrew school for adults was reestablished. The self-defence detachments and the Zionist organization Magen Avraam was established that year. More than 500 young Jews were members of Magen Avraam. The first Zionist youth group from Novoselytsya was sent to Eretz Israel in September 1921. In 1930, the Jewish residents numbered 4,152 (86,1% of the total). During the Soviet annexation, around a hundred Zionist activists were dispatched to Siberia on June 29, 1940. The Jewish population stood at 7,000 in 1941. The German-Romanian troops occupied Novoselytsya on July 7, 1941. A pogrom was staged on that day, and it claimed the lives of 975 Jews. More than half of the Jewish houses were burnt, and all the Jewish property was pillaged. The remnants were expelled on foot to Transnistria. After WWII, a few survived Jews returned.

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