Novopoltavka Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Moldova
Region
Kishinev
District
Novyi Buh
Settlement
Novopoltavka
Site address
Novopoltavka Jewish Cemetery
GPS coordinates
47.54735, 32.50751
Perimeter length
425 metres. To reach the cemetery, proceed west from the village council along the main street for 250 metres. On the second intersection, turn right and proceed for 150 metres. The cemetery site is on the left, adjacent to the Christian cemetery.
Is the cemetery demolished
no
Type and height of existing fence
No fence
Preservation condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery
General site condition
Unfenced Jewish cemetery. The cemetery border is clearly visible at its western and north-eastern sides.
Number of existing gravestones
15. Some of the preserved tombstones have illegible texts, or are missing inscriptions.
Date of oldest tombstone
Presumably 1902
Date of newest tombstone
Urgency of erecting a fence
High
Land ownership
Municipality
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys
No

Historical overview

The cemetery is marked on the maps of the 1860s and from 1941. It was largely ruined, presumably during WWII of soon after. As pre-war maps show, the original cemetery perimeter was larger than what is preserved today. Presumably, the south-eastern part of the cemetery after demolishing was used for Christian burials of the expanding municipal cemetery, adjacent to the Jewish one. The Jewish farm colony of Novopoltavka was founded in 1840 by Jews from Courland. In 1867, the Jewish population numbered 1,568. In the 1860s, the colony included149 households and two synagogues. The main occupation of the settlers was agriculture. In 1899, three synagogues operated. The Jewish population had grown to 1,980 (90% of the total population) by 1897. In the early 20th century, three synagogues and a Jewish agricultural school were operating. In the years before and after the Civil War, several Zionist organisations, among which Ha-Halutz and others, were active. During 1918 to 1921, the Jewish community was attacked by the Volunteer Army and Makhno-led detachments, which staged a pogrom in which 132 Jews perished. As a reaction, self-defence detachments were created. Joint and ARA provided material assistance to the colonists. In the 1920s, the shool was transformed into an agricultural technical school. Until the late 1920s, the synagogues and Jewish schools were closed. In 1926, the Jewish population of the town numbered 1,877 (86% of the total population). The Wehrmacht occupied Novopoltavka in August 1941. On September 10, 1941, 837 Jews were executed by the Germans. In later years, a monument was erected at the mass-execution site.