Novolabun Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Ukraine
Region
Khmelnytskyy
District
Polonne
Settlement
Novolabun'
Site address
The cemetery is located in the woods adjacent to 15, Michurina Street.
GPS coordinates
50.00954, 27.36935
Perimeter length
357 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
yes
Type and height of existing fence
No fence
Preservation condition
Unfenced Jewish cemetery
General site condition
The cemetery is severely overgrown. It requires clearing and fencing. It borders with the Ukrainian Christian cemetery and Polish cemetery.
Number of existing gravestones
100. Laying gravestone should be lifted and cleared for the exact dating of the cemetery.
Date of oldest tombstone
1810 (oldest found by ESJF expedition)
Date of newest tombstone
1925 (latest found by ESJF expedition)
Urgency of erecting a fence
High
Land ownership
Property of local community
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys
Yes

Historical overview

The exact period of the cemetery’s establishment is unknown. The earliest preserved gravestone relates to the beginning of the 19th century when most likely the cemetery was established. It appears on old maps since the 1870s. Later, it was also marked on a Russian map of 1909 and Polish map of Wojskowy Instytut Geograficzny (WIG) of 1939.

Jews are first mentioned in the early 18th century. In 1847, the Jewish population numbered 1,192. In 1867, three synagogues existed. In 1890, Meir Lerner (born in 1867) became a rabbi of Novolabun’. In the 19th – early 20th century, the Jews were engaged in crafts and trade. In 1914, Jews rented two mills, an oil mill, pharmacy, and 17 stalls were in their hands as well. In 1923, the number of the Jewish population was 952, and it decreased to about 600 in 1931. In 1923, a bathhouse was built with the assistance of the Jewish Joint Distribution Committee. On July 5, 1941, the Wehrmacht troops occupied Novolabun’. In July 1941, 80 Jews of Novolabun’ were executed.

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