Nova Pryluka Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Ukraine
Region
Vinnytsia
District
Lipovetsky
Settlement
Nova Pryluka
Site address
The cemetery is located at the south exit of Nova Pryluka. Travel northeast for 120 metres to find the cemetery on the left.
GPS coordinates
49.37834, 28.7095
Perimeter length
290 мetres
Is the cemetery demolished
no
Type and height of existing fence
The cemetery has a fence installed in October 2019 by ESJF.
Preservation condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery
General site condition
The cemetery is well-maintained.
Number of existing gravestones
Around 30. Almost all of the tombstones have been toppled, a few of which bear inscriptions.
Date of oldest tombstone
N/A
Date of newest tombstone
N/A
Urgency of erecting a fence
Fence is not needed
Land ownership
Municipality
Preserved construction on site
No
Drone surveys
Yes

Historical overview

According to IAJGS, the cemetery was established in 19th century.

Pryluka was first mentioned in 1146; in 1594, it already had about 4000 households. The region at the time belonged to the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. At the beginning of the 18th century it was divided into Stara Pryluka and Nova Pryluka (Old and New Prylukas), and around the 1780s the majority of the Jews moved to Nova Pryluka. These two towns situated next to each other were actually separate towns for the majority of their existence. In 1763, 205 Jews lived in 45 households in Nova Pryluka.
In 1793, after the Second partition of Poland, Prylukas came under the control of the Russian Empire, and became a part of the Kiev Governorate (Kievskaya Gubernia).
The Jewish population of Nova Pryluka began to grow dramatically in the 19th century. In 1847, the Jewish community of Pryluka numbered 1485 people. In 1897, 2011 Jews lived in the town, where they comprised more than half of the total population. A synagogue was built and Jews played a major role in the economic life of Nova Pryluka on the eve of World War I, owning most of the shops and small-scale industry in the town.
The Jewish population of Nova Pryluka suffered during World War I and the civil war in Russia. In January 1918, a pogrom claimed a number of victims, and Jewish property was also looted.
After 1922, Pryluka became a part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic within the USSR. In the 1920s and 1930s there was a Yiddish school in Nova Pryluka.
In 1926 the town’s 2151 Jews comprised 55% of the town’s total population. However, the number of Jews declined during the 1920s and 1930s due to the migration of young Jews away from the town in search of new educational and vocational opportunities.
In 1941, most of the Jewish men in Nova Pryluka were drafted into the Red Army, the remaining Jews tried to flee to the East but many remained behind. German troops occupied Nova Pryluka in mid-July 1941. One week after the start of the occupation Germans and Ukrainian collaborators brutally murdered several dozen Jewish men of the town. A short time afterwards a number of local Jewish women and children were shot to death. In September 1941, Nova Pryluka’s Jews were forced into a ghetto consisting of a single street. The ghetto was liquidated in November 1941. About 2500 of its inmates were murdered in Stara Pryluka. Nova Pryluka was liberated by the Red Army in January 1944.
In 1991, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, Pryluka became a part of the independent Ukraine.
The remains of the Jewish cemetery of Nova Pryluka still can be found in the village. All that remains are a few dozen gravestones.

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