Nova Odesa Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Ukraine
Region
Mykolayiv
District
Nova Odesa
Settlement
Nova Odesa
Site address
The cemetery is located on a large wasteland in the south-east of the city. The nearest house is located on 38/2, Slovyans'ka Street (formerly Krasina Street).
GPS coordinates
47.29759, 31.79476
Perimeter length
399 metres.The perimeter map shows the approximate pre-war perimeter, which includes a preserved new part of the cemetery as well as a demolished old part.
Is the cemetery demolished
no
Type and height of existing fence
A new preserved part is fenced. It is surrounded by a masonry wall of 1.5 metres in height. A small metal gate requires repair. The old part of the cemetery is unfenced.
Preservation condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery
General site condition
The preserved part of the cemetery is abandoned and overgrown. The part of the cemetery territory which is demolished and unfenced is used for grazing, and several roads pass through it. In the southern part of the cemetery, there is an inactive quarry.
Number of existing gravestones
15. In the middle of the dirt road adjacent to the cemetery, bases of two graves can be seen, and two more bases are located close to the road. Most likely, this marks the western border of the old demolished part of the cemetery. In the south-western side of the new preserved part of the cemetery, there are three Christian graves. They are lacking inscriptions, but were, judging by condition, most likely installed no more than ten years ago. Judging by the size, it is likely that children are buried there.
Date of oldest tombstone
1952
Date of newest tombstone
1992
Urgency of erecting a fence
Low
Land ownership
Municipality
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys
No

Historical overview

The cemetery is marked on a map from 1860. Presumably, an old part of the cemetery was demolished during WWII. The new part of the cemetery is preserved.

Jews began settling in Nova Odesa in the second half of the 19th century. By 1897, the Jewish population numbered 1,010 Jews (18% of the total population). In 1868, a synagogue operated, and by 1910, there were two synagogues functioning. Rabbi Lev Kagan was officiating for the community in the 1890s. In 1910, the Jewish population had reached 4,205 individuals (42% of the total population). In 1913, the only chemist’s shop and two ironmongery stalls were under Jewish ownership. The Jewish community suffered during the Civil War. The number of the Jews living in Nova Odesa fell to 389 in 1923. In 1926, the natives of Nova Odesa set up four Jewish farming societies in the Kherson region. A Yiddish school was active in Nova Odesa during the same time. By 1939, 228 Jews were living here. On August 12, 1941, Nazi troops occupied the town. In September 1941, 125 Jews were murdered here. In 2005, Nova Odesa had a religious community and a Jewish population.

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