Nemyriv Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Ukraine
Region
Lviv
District
Yavoriv
Settlement
Nemyriv
Site address
Nemyriv Jewish Cemetery
GPS coordinates
50.09854, 23.43715
Perimeter length
320 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
no
Type and height of existing fence
Type of the fence
Preservation condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery
General site condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery
Number of existing gravestones
1000
Date of oldest tombstone
1780s (earliest found by ESJF expedition)
Date of newest tombstone
1890s
Urgency of erecting a fence
Low
Land ownership
Municipality
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys
No

Historical overview

The cemetery were founded in the 16th century. It was marked on maps from the 1780s. Presumably, the cemetery was operating until WWII. Jews were settling in the town from its foundation in 1570. The inhabitants of the town suffered from great fires of 1655 and 1834, significantly damaging the town’s infrastructure. In the 17th and 18th centuries, the main spheres of the employment of the Jews were trade, renting and craft. The construction of bathhouses increased opportunities to find a service job in spa resorts. The Jewish population reached 1,445 (55% of the total population) in 1880. During WWI, many buildings owned by Jews, as well as the ancient synagogue, were ruined. The Jewish community decreased to 1,298 (53% of the total population) by 1921. In 1941, the Jewish population grew to 2,500 because of refugees from Poland who settled here. The deportation of 1,000 Jews to the extermination camp Belzec took place in late July 1942. The 1,000 Jews that remained were expelled to the Rava-Rus’ka ghetto.

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