Nelipyno Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Ukraine
Region
Zakarpattia
District
Svalyava
Settlement
Nelipyno
Site address
Nelipyno Jewish Cemetery
GPS coordinates
48.553679, 23.015035
Perimeter length
161 meters
Is the cemetery demolished
no
Type and height of existing fence
Type of the fence
Preservation condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery
General site condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery. The cemetery is clean and used for grazing.
Number of existing gravestones
163
Date of oldest tombstone
1875
Date of newest tombstone
1964
Urgency of erecting a fence
Fence is not needed
Land ownership
Property of local community
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys
No

Historical overview

Presumably Jewish Cemetery in Nelipyno was established in the late 19th century. Oldest matsevah among of existing gravestones relates to 1875 and latest one to 1964. Now there are 163 matsevot. The territory is partly overgrown and is used for cattle grazing. Jews are believed to have arrived in the area of Nelipyno in the first half of the 18th century. By 1830, 9 Jews were living in the village. In 1851 there were still 9 Jews. In 1880 the Jewish population had increased to 209 (26,3 % of the total population). And by 1893 there were 300 individuals. By 1921, during the Czechoslovakian period, the Jewish population had increased to 496. Jews were involved in the day-to-day life of Holubyne: some of them were tradesmen and artisans. By 1930, 542 Jews were in Nelipyno. Hungarian forces arrived in the village in March 1939, with the consequence that the Jews were persecuted and forced out of their occupations. There were 672 Jews living in Nelipyno in 1941. Some Jews were drafted into forced labour battalions. Others were sent to the Eastern front, where most perished. In August 1941 some Jews without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Kamenets-Podolski in Nazi-occupied Ukrainian territory and murdered. The remaining Jews of Nelipyno were deported to Auschwitz in mid-May 1944. No Jews live in the town today.

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