Musninkai Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Lithuania
Region
Vilnius
District
Settlement
Musninkai
Site address
Musninkai Jewish Cemetery
GPS coordinates
54.94145, 24.84503
Perimeter length
245 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
no
Type and height of existing fence
Type of the fence
Preservation condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery
General site condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery. The cemetery is well maintained.
Number of existing gravestones
60
Date of oldest tombstone
1901 (the earliest tombstone found by ESJF).
Date of newest tombstone
1928 (the latest tombstone found by ESJF).
Urgency of erecting a fence
Fence is not needed
Land ownership
Property of local community
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys
No

Historical overview

Given the earliest preserved tombstone is dated 1901, it can be inferred the cemetery was established no later than the early 20th century. According to the Kulturos Vertibyu Registras, the cemetery was established in the 18th century, but during the Soviet Union period many of the tombstones were removed for use as construction materials..

Jews began to settle in Musninkai (Pl. Muśniki, Yid. מוסניק) in the early 18th century. Before WWI, the congregation maintained social and religious associations, there were two batei-midrash. Zionist organisations were already active until the Soviet occupation in 1940. Many of the Jews emigrated in the interwar period. On the eve of WWII, in 1938, the Jewish population of Musninkai was 220, or 47% of the total. All of the Jews were killed in the Pivonija grove on 5 September 1941.

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