Monastyrys’ka New Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Ukraine
Region
Ternopyl
District
Monastyrys’ka
Settlement
Monastyrys’ka
Site address
Monastyrys’ka New Jewish Cemetery
GPS coordinates
49.08834, 25.18023
Perimeter length
307 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
yes
Type and height of existing fence
No fence
Preservation condition
Demolished and overbuilt Jewish cemetery
General site condition
Demolished and overbuilt Jewish cemetery. The cemetery is overbuilt. There are a veterinary hospital and a public park on the site.
Number of existing gravestones
No tombstones preserved
Date of oldest tombstone
Date of newest tombstone
Urgency of erecting a fence
Fence is not needed
Land ownership
Property of local community
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys
Yes

Historical overview

The exact period of the cemetery’s establishment is unknown. It was not marked on old maps. According to locals, the cemetery was demolished and built up in the late Soviet era.
The Jews of Monastyryska are known since 1625. The Jewish population was engaged in craftwork. The first synagogue was built in the mid-17th century. A Jewish cemetery already operated in the second half of the 18th century. At the end of the 18th century, David-Zvi Oyerbach (1743 – 1808) founded Hasidic dynasty in the town. The dynasty was managed by his son Nachman-Zeev (1790-1856) after him. The Jews of Monastyryska identified themselves with Hasidism. In 1880, 2,292 Jews (52,9% of the total population) lived in Monastyryska.
In 1894, the first Zionist organization was opened. In 1903, many Jewish houses and a synagogue was destroyed by fire. In 1910, four synagogues operated. In the prewar period, a vocational school supported by Baron Hirsch, and a school of Safa Brura movement were operated in Monastyryska. The Jewish population declined to 1,168 (39,3% of the total population) in 1921 due to distresses of WWI, emigration and epidemics. In 1931, 1,488 Jew resided in Monastyryska. On July 4, 1941, the Wehrmacht troops occupied Monastyryska. On March and June 1942, Jews from Koropets and surrounding villages were dispatched to the town. On October 5, 1942, about 1,000 Jews were deported to the Belzec extermination camp, and several dozens of Jews were murdered on the spot. The remnants of the Jewish community of Monastyryska were deported to Buchach. Around 20 local Jews survived the war. Two squares were built on the sites of two Jewish cemeteries after 1945.

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