Mel’nytsya Podil’s’ka Old Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Ukraine
Region
Ternopyl
District
Borshchiv
Settlement
Mel'nytsya Podil's'ka
Site address
Mel'nytsya Podil's'ka Old Jewish Cemetery
GPS coordinates
48.61131, 26.16522
Perimeter length
247 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
yes
Type and height of existing fence
No fence
Preservation condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery
General site condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery.
Number of existing gravestones
1. 10 fragments of tombstones. The only readable tombstone dates 1915,1916.
Date of oldest tombstone
1795 (oldest found by ESJF expedition)
Date of newest tombstone
1905(latest found by ESJF expedition)
Urgency of erecting a fence
High
Land ownership
Property of local community
Preserved construction on site
There is an unmarked ohel on the site, installed by the Ohalei Tzadikim — Gader Avot union.
Drone surveys
Yes

Historical overview

The exact period of the cemetery’s establishment is unknown. Presumably, it was established in the 1740s. Supposedly it appears on maps of the Austro-Hungarian Empire of the 1880s.
The Jews are known in the town since the late 18th century. The Jewish community of Melnytsya-Podil’s’ka became independent in the first half of the 18th century. The Jewish population reached 1,429 (39,7% of the total population) in 1880. In the early 20th century, the Hasidic court was set up by Shlomo Yosef Friedman (1871-1927). A Hebrew school was opened in 1920. In 1921, a loan bank was established with the support of the Jewish Joint Distribution Committee. The Jewish population stood at 1,568 in 1931. In July 1941, the Hungarian army occupied the town. The Wehrmacht troops came to Melnytsya-Podil’s’ka in August 1941. In September-October, 1942, the Jews of Melnytsya-Podil’s’ka and neighbouring villages were deported to the Belzec death camp and Borschiv. The fleed Jews were found and murdered at the Jewish cemetery. 30 local Jews survived the war.