Mel’nytsya Podil’s’ka New Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Ukraine
Region
Ternopyl
District
Borshchiv
Settlement
Mel'nytsya Podil's'ka
Site address
Mel'nytsya Podil's'ka New Jewish Cemetery
GPS coordinates
48.61241, 26.16672
Perimeter length
340 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
yes
Type and height of existing fence
Type of the fence
Preservation condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery
General site condition
Unfenced Jewish cemetery. The cemetery is slightly overgrown with bushes. There are remnants of an old concrete fence. The cemetery requires clearing and fencing. The site is used for cattle grazing. Its northern part is in use as a private garden.
Number of existing gravestones
20
Date of oldest tombstone
1910 (oldest found by ESJF expedition)
Date of newest tombstone
1934 (latest found by ESJF expedition)
Urgency of erecting a fence
High
Land ownership
Property of local community
Preserved construction on site
There are tsiyuns of Rabbi Perets Rafael Val’tser and his son-in-law Rabbi Israel Herling on the site, installed by the Ohalei Tzadikim — Gader Avot union.
Drone surveys
Yes

Historical overview

The exact period of the cemetery’s establishment is unknown. Presumably, it was established in the 1740s. Supposedly it appears on maps of the Austro-Hungarian Empire of the 1880s. The cemetery was vandalised during WWII, and new acts of vandalism frequently happened in the 1990s.
The Jews are known in the town since the late 18th century. The Jewish community of Melnytsya-Podil’s’ka became independent in the first half of the 18th century. The Jewish population reached 1,429 (39,7% of the total population) in 1880. In the early 20th century, the Hasidic court was set up by Shlomo Yosef Friedman (1871-1927). A Hebrew school was opened in 1920. In 1921, a loan bank was established with the support of the Jewish Joint Distribution Committee. The Jewish population stood at 1,568 in 1931. In July 1941, the Hungarian army occupied the town. The Wehrmacht troops came to Melnytsya-Podil’s’ka in August 1941. In September-October, 1942, the Jews of Melnytsya-Podil’s’ka and neighbouring villages were deported to the Belzec death camp and Borschiv. The fleed Jews were found and murdered at the Jewish cemetery. 30 local Jews survived the war.