Mel’nytsya Podil’s’ka New Jewish Cemetery
The exact period of the cemetery’s establishment is unknown. Presumably, it was established in the 1740s. Supposedly it appears on maps of the Austro-Hungarian Empire of the 1880s. The cemetery was vandalised during WWII, and new acts of vandalism frequently happened in the 1990s.
The Jews are known in the town since the late 18th century. The Jewish community of Melnytsya-Podil’s’ka became independent in the first half of the 18th century. The Jewish population reached 1,429 (39,7% of the total population) in 1880. In the early 20th century, the Hasidic court was set up by Shlomo Yosef Friedman (1871-1927). A Hebrew school was opened in 1920. In 1921, a loan bank was established with the support of the Jewish Joint Distribution Committee. The Jewish population stood at 1,568 in 1931. In July 1941, the Hungarian army occupied the town. The Wehrmacht troops came to Melnytsya-Podil’s’ka in August 1941. In September-October, 1942, the Jews of Melnytsya-Podil’s’ka and neighbouring villages were deported to the Belzec death camp and Borschiv. The fleed Jews were found and murdered at the Jewish cemetery. 30 local Jews survived the war.