Mala Bahachivka Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Moldova
Region
Kishinev
District
Kryve Ozero
Settlement
Mala Bahachivka
Site address
Mala Bahachivka Jewish Cemetery
GPS coordinates
47.99217, 30.52093
Perimeter length
406 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
yes
Type and height of existing fence
No fence
Preservation condition
Demolished Jewish cemetery that has not been built over
General site condition
Demolished Jewish cemetery that has not been built over. The cemetery is bordered from the northeastern side by agricultural plantations, from the other sides by forests. Part of the cemetery is today a heavily overgrown glade, another part is a wooded area, which presumably will eventually naturally merge into the forest belt that surrounds the cemetery.
Number of existing gravestones
There are many broken stones on the territory. However, according to local residents, these are not gravestones, but stones used for construction — a military cable was being pulled through the territory of the cemetery. However, some presume that the gravestones were taken somewhere, and some are convinced that they were buried in the forest, in which there is a deep pit, in which the gravestones may have been buried. Others say that several gravestones remain in the hardly overgrown part of the cemetery, but the ESJF team could not find them.
Date of oldest tombstone
Date of newest tombstone
Urgency of erecting a fence
Low
Land ownership
Municipality
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys
No

Historical overview

The Jewish cemetery of Mala Bahachivka appears on a Russian topographic map from the 1860s, which means that the cemetery presumably was established soon after the colony’s foundation. It also appears on a map from 1941. Most likely, the cemetery was demolished during the post-war Soviet period. According to local residents, the cemetery was bulldozed, and tombstones were taken away or buried in the forest.

Bogachevka (the name of Mala Bahachivka before 1945) was founded as a Jewish agricultural colony by settlers from Podolia and Volyn’ in 1850. When it was founded, 418 individuals (84 families) lived in the colony. 146 dozen plots of land were given to the colonists (a minimum of two per family). By 1869, the population had grown to 671. Many colonists were engaged in domestic crafts and petty trade. In 1870, of the 40 families actively farming, only two cultivated their land with their own equipment and animals. In 1897, a synagogue and a heder were operating. The entire population of 506 individuals was Jewish in 1897. During the Civil War, the Jewish community was subjected to pillage by the hands of robbery gangs. In 1925, a Yiddish elementary school operated. In 1926, the Jewish population had decreased to 326 (13% of the total population), as the youth migrated to the cities. In 1929, the kolkhoz Pyatrychka was created. In August 1941, Romanian troops occupied Mala Bahachivka. By that time, many members of the community had been evacuated or mobilised. In autumn 1941, the remaining Jewish community, 131 individuals, were murdered. After 1945, nearly a dozen Jewish families were residing in Mala Bahachivka. Today it is practically (and most likely formally) a non-existent village. According to the locals, now only one person lives there.