Maheriv Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Ukraine
Region
Lviv
District
Zhovkva
Settlement
Maheriv
Site address
To reach the cemetery, proceed for about 2100 metres on Zhovkovs'ka Street in the eastern direction from the central square of the town. The cemetery is located on the left of the road, opposite the turn to the village of Birky.
GPS coordinates
50.11344, 23.72797
Perimeter length
311 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
no
Type and height of existing fence
No fence
Preservation condition
Demolished Jewish cemetery that has not been built over
General site condition
The cemetery site is a wasteland now. It is severely overgrown and requires clearing and fencing.
Number of existing gravestones
4. The remnants of 4 gravestones were found on the site. According to locals, the gravestones from the site were used for construction.
Date of oldest tombstone
Date of newest tombstone
Urgency of erecting a fence
High
Land ownership
State
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys
No

Historical overview

The exact period of the cemetery’s establishment is unknown. First, it appears on a cadastral map of 1854. Later, in the 1860s and 1880s, it appears on Austro-Hungarian maps. In 1939, it was marked on Polish maps of Wojskowy Instytut Geograficzny (WIG). According to locals, the cemetery was demolished during the Soviet era.

The Jews of Maheriv are first recorded in 1629. In the late 18th century, the Jews were mostly engaged in crafts (leatherworking, tailoring) and trade. The Jewish population numbered 1,138 (40.6% of the total population) in 1880. In spite of the started immigration to the USA in the late 19th century, the Jewish population was growing year by year in the pre-war period. In 1900, 1,322 Jews (41.8% of the total population) lived in Maheriv and about 1,500 in 1910. In the early 20th century, three synagogues operated. At that time, Aryeh-Leib Rokeh and his son Nohum-Aron from the Belz Hassidic dynasty lived here. Bikur Holim society, Linas ha-Tzedek and other community organisations were established. During the WWI, almost all Jewish houses and synagogues were burnt. In 1921, the Jewish population reduced to nearly 600 people (50% of the total population). In the interwar period, Zionist organisations were active, and two Jewish schools worked. The Joint Distribution Committee supported the community. In September 1942, the Jewish community of Maheriv were deported to the Rava-Ruska ghetto, and later to the Belzec death camp. Some Jews were executed during transportations.

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