Kurozweki Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Poland
Region
Świetokrzyskie Voivodeship
District
Staszów
Settlement
Kurozwęki
Site address
The cemetery is located about 500m south of the school in Kurozwęki, near closed quarries.
GPS coordinates
50.586604, 21.096468
Perimeter length
644 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
no
Type and height of existing fence
No fence
Preservation condition
Demolished Jewish cemetery that has not been built over
General site condition
It is a completely demolished Jewish cemetery. No traces of the former cemetery remain. The area is used as a garbage dump and is partly under agricultural usage. The exact area and perimeter of the cemetery is unknown.
Number of existing gravestones
No tombstones have been preserved
Date of oldest tombstone
Date of newest tombstone
Urgency of erecting a fence
High
Land ownership
Other
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys
Yes

Historical overview

The first mentions of Kurozwęki appeared in written sources as early as 1264. The development of Jewish settlement dates to the end of the 16th century when Kurozwęki was known as a centre of Calvinism. In 1748, 6 Jewish families lived in the town, and there was also a wooden synagogue. The cemetery was probably established in this period in the southwest part of the town. In 1787, according to census data, 90 Jews were registered Kurozwęki, constituting 10.9% of the total population. In 1827, there were 214 Jews. In the interwar period, the Jewish community was one of the smallest in Szydłów County. From 1917 to 1926, there were 267 to 184 members in the Jewish community (a downward trend). Burials took place at the Jewish cemetery in Szydłów. In 1928, the religious community in Szydłów asked the authorities to include the community of Kurozwęki within their jurisdiction. Owing to financial problems and the lack of functioning of local religious structures in Kurozwęki, the incorporation happened in January 1932. During World War II, the Germans resettled Jews from other towns, including Radom, to Kurozwęki. In November 1942, Jews were deported to Staszów, and then through Grzybów and Szczuczyn to the extermination camp in Treblinka. Currently, there is no material trace of the Jewish cemetery, and its location is known only from pre-war maps.