Krasyliv Old Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Ukraine
Region
Khmelnytskyy
District
Krasyliv
Settlement
Krasyliv
Site address
Krasyliv Old Jewish Cemetery
GPS coordinates
49.64729,26.97492
Perimeter length
415 metres.
Is the cemetery demolished
yes
Type and height of existing fence
No fence
Preservation condition
Demolished and overbuilt Jewish cemetery
General site condition
Demolished and overbuilt Jewish cemetery. Flats, a playground and municipal gardens are built over the cemetery site.
Number of existing gravestones
One fragment of a gravestone was found at the entrance to the Polish cemetery on Tsentral'na Street. There is one more resembling stone lying face down. Presumably, it is a second fragment of the found gravestone.
Date of oldest tombstone
Date of newest tombstone
Urgency of erecting a fence
Fence is not needed
Land ownership
Private
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys
No

Historical overview

The exact period of the cemetery’s establishment is not determined. It was not marked on old maps. According to the testimony of resident Scheinman, the old Jewish cemetery existed and was closed in the early 20th century. Presumably, the only gravestone from the cemetery was found by ESJF surveyors team on the abandoned Polish cemetery. Jews are known from the 18th century. 273 Jews were inhabitants of the town in 1765. Jews earned their living in crafts and trade. From the second half of the 19th century, a tzadik Rabbi Yisrael (born in 1895) settled here. The Hasidic dynasty was continued by his son Baruch Zak (1887–1949), who left for Palestine later. In 1886, a pharmacy owned by a Jew existed. In 1897, the Jewish population reached 2,563 (36,9% of the total) and declined to 1,180 in 1923. In 1910, a private Jewish vocational school was established. In 1914, a rope factory, two timber stores, mill, 76 shops, two pharmacies were owned by the Jews. A Jewish library operated. In 1918-1921, a pogrom claimed the lives of 15 Jews. Since the 1920s, Zionist organizations had become active. In 1939, there were 1,250 Jewish residents. In July 1941, parts of the Wehrmacht occupied Krasyliv. In early 1942, 2,000 Jews were imprisoned in a camp, which was liquidated in July 1942. The prisoners of the liquidated ghetto were deported to Manivtsy, where they were shot. In 2003, the Jews resided in Krasyliv.