Kozyatyn Jewish Section

Cemetery Information

Country
Ukraine
Region
Vinnytsia
District
Kozyatinsky
Settlement
Kozyatyn
Site address
The Jewish section is located in the Orthodox cemetery. To reach it, start at 2A Belotserkovskaya Street (at the Okko gas station), then proceed 250 metres east towards Chernyakhovskaya Street, at which point the cemetery can be found to the right.
GPS coordinates
49.69372, 28.83928
Perimeter length
248 мetres
Is the cemetery demolished
no
Type and height of existing fence
Yes
Preservation condition
Jewish section
General site condition
The site is severely overgrown. Several of the graves are looked after. The Jewish section is located within the Orthodox cemetery.
Number of existing gravestones
Approximately 400 tombstones.
Date of oldest tombstone
1942 (the earliest tombstone found by ESJF).
Date of newest tombstone
2016 (the latest tombstone found by ESJF).
Urgency of erecting a fence
Fence is not needed
Land ownership
Municipality
Preserved construction on site
No
Drone surveys
No

Historical overview

According to the Commission on the Preservation of Jewish Heritage, the Jewish section was established in the 1950s. Some mazevot were transferred here from the old Jewish cemetery which was demolished in the 1950s.

Kozyatyn was founded as a railway station in 1874, at the place where Kozyatyn village had already existed since at least 1734, when the region belonged to the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. A Jewish presence is first mentioned in Kozyatyn in the second half of the 18th century.
In 1793, after the Second partition of Poland, it came under control of the Russian Empire, and became a part of the Kiev Governorate (Kievskaya Gubernia). In the mid 19th century only a few Jews lived in Kozyatyn. The development of railway lines in the area led to a dramatic increase of the Jewish population. At the initial period of town history, in the early 1880s, Kozyatyn numbered 76 households. By 1883, a synagogue already existed in Kozyatyn. In 1897, Kozyatyn’s Jews comprised 1731 of 8614, which was 20% of the town’s population. In 1910, Kozyatyn had two synagogues, a talmud-torah and two private Jewish schools, one for boys and one for girls.
There was a pogrom in Kozyatyn in 1905. Later Jews of the town suffered greatly during the revolutionary years and the civil war in Russia. In 1918 Jewish houses were looted during a pogrom in the town.
In 1913, almost all small businesses in Kozyatyn belonged to Jews: a pharmaceutical warehouse, all 12 shops, including 7 manufacturing shops and a photo studio.
In April 1920, during the Polish-Bolshevik War, the town was captured by Polish forces in what became known as the Raid on Kozyatyn. Then it was recaptured by the Bolsheviks and after 1922 became part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic within the USSR. In the late 1920s and early 1930s Kozyatyn had a Jewish council that held its deliberations in Yiddish, and Yiddish-language schools. In 1939 Kozyatyn had 2648 Jews, who comprised 15.8% of the total population.
In 1941, many Jews fled to the East but some remained behind. Kozyatyn was occupied by German troops on July 14th 1941. Several weeks later all Jews still living in Kozyatyn were forced into a ghetto, which included several streets of the town. Inmates of the ghetto were strictly forbidden to leave the ghetto and were forced to perform various types of hard labor. The Jews also had to wear a white armband with a Star of David.
In August and September 1941 about a dozen of Kozyatyn’s Jews were murdered by units of Einsatzgruppe C. In early June 1942, most of the Kozyatyn Jews were shot. Several dozen young, able-bodied Jews and skilled Jewish workers who had been temporarily spared were murdered in December 1942.
Kozyatyn was liberated by the Red Army on December 28, 1943. A few Jewish families lived in Kozyatyn after the war. In 1991, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, Kozyatyn became a part of the independent Ukraine. Today there exists a tiny Jewish community.
After the war a sector at the municipal cemetery was used by the Jews of Kozyatyn.

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