Kozova Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Ukraine
Region
Ternopyl
District
Kozova
Settlement
Kozova
Site address
Kozova Jewish Cemetery
GPS coordinates
49.42605, 25.14208
Perimeter length
452 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
no
Type and height of existing fence
Type of the fence
Preservation condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery
General site condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery. The cemetery is slightly overgrown.  It requires clearing. The fence is in excellent condition. Some fragments of gravestones can be found outside the fence in the north-eastern part of the site.
Number of existing gravestones
30
Date of oldest tombstone
1831 (oldest found by ESJF expedition)
Date of newest tombstone
1915 (latest found by ESJF expedition)
Urgency of erecting a fence
Fence is not needed
Land ownership
Property of local community
Preserved construction on site
There is an ohel on the site over tsiyuns of Rabbi Hayim (died in 1948) and two other rabbis (died in 1831 and 1915). It was installed by the Ohalei Tzadikim — Gader Avot union.
Drone surveys
No

Historical overview

The exact period of the cemetery’s establishment is unknown. It was not marked on cadastral maps of 1846, but according to epigraphic data, it already existed in the 1830s. Fenced by ESJF in 2018.
Jews began to settle in the town in the early 17th century. In 1765, 364 Jews lived in Kozova. Jacob Reinman (1778–1814) served as a rabbi in 1798. Yosef Rotenberg (died in 1852), a son-in-law of Zvi-Hirsch Aichenstein of Zhidachov, was a rabbi in 1840–52. In 1880, the number of the Jewish population was 1,510 (37,1% of the total population) and declined to 1,391 (28,3% of the total population) in 1921. In the early 20th century, the tzaddik Moshe Langner (1878–1945) lived in the town. 300 Jewish families lost their houses in a fire of 1906. In 1909, a Hebrew school was opened. In 1916, 57 Jews were deported to Ternopil. In the interwar period, the branches of the Zionist organization HaRevizionistim and youth movement Beitar were active in Kozova. In 1931, 1,570 Jews resided here. The Wehrmacht occupation began on July 3, 1941. A pogrom claimed the lives of 300 Jews was staged in October 1941. On September 21, 1942, around 1,000 Jews were sent to the Belzec death camp. In 1942, About 2,000 Jews were imprisoned in a ghetto in Kozova. On June 12, 1943, the Kozova ghetto was liquidated. In 2003, a few Jewish families resided in Kozova.