Koszalin Old Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Poland
Region
West Pomeranian Voivodeship
District
Koszalin
Settlement
Koszalin
Site address
At the end of Orla Street by the Dzierżęcinka river. Access is through the gate from the side of Orla Street side (south-east side of the cemetery area). Cadastral parcels no. 326101_1.0026.18/3; 326101_1.0026.11/8
GPS coordinates
54.1839366, 16.1935687
Perimeter length
164 meters
Is the cemetery demolished
no
Type and height of existing fence
The cemetery is fenced with a low metal mesh fence (height about one meter).
Preservation condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery
General site condition
The site is well-maintained and fenced though the fencing requires repair. The area is clean, grass freshly mowed, no scrubs. Some old trees are preserved along the west-south border. The cemetery is marked and commemorated (there is an information board, a commemorative boulder with inscription and one original matzevah standing next to it.
Number of existing gravestones
In the cemetery there is one original matzevah as a form of commemoration. It was found in the river and returned to the cemetery in 2005. The stele marked the grave of David Baruch (16.07.1840–18.03.1879). It is the only matzevah from Koszalin which survived until this day.
Date of oldest tombstone
1879
Date of newest tombstone
N/A
Urgency of erecting a fence
Fence is not needed
Land ownership
Municipality
Preserved construction on site
No
Drone surveys
Yes

Historical overview

At the end of the 17th and 18th centuries, the first Jewish inhabitants of Koszalin buried their dead in the cemetery in Szczecinek, Popielewo, or in the municipal cemetery. The Jewish cemetery in Koszalin was probably established at the beginning of the second half of the 18th century. Documents from 1752 mention that a Jewish gravedigger lived in Koszalin.

The cemetery was established at Badgasse (today, near Orla and Rzeczna streets), near the Dzierżęcinka River. It was also used by the Jewish community from Sianów, 10 km away, as well as from other nearby towns.
Before the war, it occupied an area of 4 acres. This area has remained unchanged to this day. The first confirmed burial in this cemetery is not known until 1812. The last funeral took place in 1906, after which the cemetery was closed.
In the 1930s, there was one tombstone in the former cemetery, dating from the period between 1819 and 1840. The remaining sandstone matzevot dating back to 1840 fell apart or were illegible. There were about 20 of these. In total, about 250 people were buried in the cemetery.
On November 10, 1938, during Kristallnacht, the necropolis was demolished.

In 2000, a photographer from Koszalin, Zdzisław Pacholski, found a matzevah in the river, on which the name of David Baruch and the dates 16.07.1840–18.03.1879 could be read. It is the only matzevah from Koszalin that has been preserved in its entirety. The monument was moved to the Koszalin Museum, and in the summer of 2005 it returned to the cemetery. The cleaning up and fencing of the cemetery was then undertaken by the Foundation for the Preservation of Jewish Heritage in Poland in agreement with the city authorities. A monument and an information board have been erected on its site.
(sztetl.org.pl)

In 1871, there were 281 Jews in the city, and in 1885 the number of members of the kehilla was 303, which was the maximum number. For the next 10 years, the number of kehilla members was stable and amounted to some 300 people. They were concentrated in 78 farms. A decrease in the number of Jews in Koszalin was recorded in 1898, and after a few years the community numbered only 225 people. Thus, Jews constituted just over 1% of the town’s population, which at that time numbered around 20,000. The last funeral took place there in 1906.
(West Pomeranian Encyclopedia; http://encyklopedia.szczecin.pl)

Koszalin Old Jewish Cemetery
Koszalin Old Jewish Cemetery
Koszalin Old Jewish Cemetery
Koszalin Old Jewish Cemetery
Koszalin Old Jewish Cemetery
Koszalin Old Jewish Cemetery
Koszalin Old Jewish Cemetery
Koszalin Old Jewish Cemetery
Koszalin Old Jewish Cemetery
Koszalin Old Jewish Cemetery
Koszalin Old Jewish Cemetery
Koszalin Old Jewish Cemetery
Koszalin Old Jewish Cemetery
Koszalin Old Jewish Cemetery
Koszalin Old Jewish Cemetery
Koszalin Old Jewish Cemetery
Koszalin Old Jewish Cemetery
Koszalin Old Jewish Cemetery