Kopychyntsi New Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Ukraine
Region
Ternopyl
District
Husyatyn
Settlement
Kopychyntsi
Site address
The cemetery is located adjacent to the crossroads of Ivana Mazepy and Korotka Streets.
GPS coordinates
49.09827, 25.90279
Perimeter length
382 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
yes
Type and height of existing fence
No fence
Preservation condition
Demolished and overbuilt Jewish cemetery
General site condition
Demolished and overbuilt Jewish cemetery. The cemetery site is overbuilt. There are houses on its south-western part and private gardens on its north-eastern and eastern parts.
Number of existing gravestones
No tombstones preserved
Date of oldest tombstone
Date of newest tombstone
Urgency of erecting a fence
Fence is not needed
Land ownership
Private
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys
No

Historical overview

The New cemetery of Kopychyntsi is not shown on a cadastral map of the town of 1829, but appears on a cadastral map of 1859. Presumably, it arrived between these dates. As the Austro-Hungarian map of 1880s shows, till late 19th century its territory was enlarged to the north. According to local people, the cemetery was demolished and overbuilt in 1950-1960s.

The Jews were known in Kopychyntsi since the late 17th century. Local Jews engaged in crafts in the 17th century and trade in the 18th-19th. The Jewish community emerged in the mid-18th century. 346 Jews resided in Kopychyntsi in 1765. In 1894, a Hasidic court was established by Yitzhak-Meir Geshel (1862 – 1935). The Jewish population reached a peak of 2,467 (35,4% of the total population) in 1890. It declined to 2,109 (29,4% of the total) in 1910. In the early 20th century, five Hasidic synagogues functioned. In 1920, a pogrom staged in the town claimed the lives of local Jews. In July. 1941, the Wehrmacht troops occupied the town, and, in August, they burned a synagogue. On September 30, 1942, around 1,000 Jews were deported to Belzec extermination camp, and more than 50 sick Jews were executed on the spot. In October 1942, the Jewish refugees from the surrounding villages arrived. In December 1942, these refugees were put into a ghetto. The ghetto was liquidated in July 1943. Around 20 Jews, who survived the war, soon left for Poland.

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