Kodyma Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Ukraine
Region
Odessa
District
Kodyma
Settlement
Kodyma
Site address
The cemetery is located at the end of Novobazarnaya Street, adjacent to the slope.
GPS coordinates
48.10994, 29.13589
Perimeter length
451 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
no
Type and height of existing fence
No fence
Preservation condition
Unfenced Jewish cemetery
General site condition
Small fragments of bricks remain at the cemetery's entrance. There are no other traces of fencing left.
Number of existing gravestones
Around 500. The 300 gravestones that remain are in relatively good condition. Some are located on the slopes between thick bushes.
Date of oldest tombstone
1830s (earliest found by ESJF expedition)
Date of newest tombstone
2001
Urgency of erecting a fence
High
Land ownership
Municipality
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys
No

Historical overview

The cemetery was founded in the beginning of the 19th century. It was partially demolished during WWII and after, but still operational today.

In 1827 the Jewish population of Kiliya numbered 249. By 1897, the Jewish population had increased to 2,153 (19% of the total population). During the 19th century, Jews were active in trade and handicraft. By 1910, two Jewish vocational schools for men, four synagogues and a cemetery functioned in the town. The same year, the Jewish population reached its peak of 3,018 individuals (20% of the total population). In 1917, the Jews suffered a pogrom. In 1931, a Hebrew Tarbut school and a kindergarten were operating. Jewish youth was able to attend sports groups and organisations of different movements. A library, drama class and Maccabi brass orchestra contributed to the town’s cultural life. Thanks to the work of Zionist organisations, around 50 families and chaluzim had the opportunity to go to Palestine before the beginning of WWII. At the end of July 1941, the majority of Kiliya’s Jewish population was murdered by the Romanian forces. In August 1941, 281 local Jews were interned in a camp and were later deported to Transnistria in October 1941. In 1990, a branch of Hesed was functioning in Kiliya, as did the old Jewish cemetery. In 2002, 50 Jews resided in Kiliya. Among the distinguished Jews of Kiliya, the microbiologist and epidemiologist Fridrich Grinbaum (1896 – 1961) can be mentioned.

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