Kiernozia Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Poland
Region
Łódzkie Voivodeship
District
Łowicz
Settlement
Kiernozia
Site address
The cemetery is located outside of the village, to the south, on the way to Wiśniewo village.
GPS coordinates
52.2603041, 19.8765635
Perimeter length
215 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
yes
Type and height of existing fence
There are only the remains of the old fence.
Preservation condition
Demolished Jewish cemetery that has not been built over
General site condition
The cemetery is located outside the city in the woods. There are no tombstones in the cemetery, but the foundations of the old fence and single metal posts have been preserved. After the war, a monument to the Jews from Kiernozia was built in the centre of the cemetery.
Number of existing gravestones
There were 12 fragments found, all of which were broken.
Date of oldest tombstone
N/A
Date of newest tombstone
N/A
Urgency of erecting a fence
High
Land ownership
State
Preserved construction on site
There is a memorial monument at the site.
Drone surveys
Yes

Historical overview

Kiernozia was granted town rights in 1523, and its foundation status was downgraded before 1579. It was re-granted town rights in 1784, and its status was once again downgraded in 1870. The first records of Jewish settlement in Kiernozia date to the beginning of the 19th century. In 1808, 48 Jews (67% of the total population) lived in the town, and in 1827 – 123 (29% of the total population). In 1830, an independent Jewish community (kehilla) was established. In 1897, 222 Jews lived in Kiernozia, constituting 41% of the total population. In the interwar period, about 300 Jews lived in the town, constituting roughly 40% of the population, and most of whom worked in small trade and crafts. In March 1940, the Germans established a ghetto in Kiernozia, in which there were about 650 Jews from Kiernozia and the surrounding towns. The ghetto was liquidated in March 1941, and all the Jews were deported to the Warsaw Ghetto.

The cemetery is located outside the town, near the forest, by Road No. 584 to Łowicz, about 1 km away from the town centre, and covers an area of about 0.25 hectares. The cemetery’s exact establishment date is unknown, though it was probably established in the second half of the 19th century. The last burials took place between 1939-1945. The cemetery has suffered significant damage. No matzevot have survived. Around 1946, a Holocaust survivor named Jan Geiss erected a monument in the cemetery in honour of the Jews from Kiernozia and fenced a part of the cemetery. The fence has not survived. The cemetery is taken care of by local social activist Jan Gzula, on whose initiative, around 2009, partial cleaning works were carried out in the cemetery. The cemetery is located on the territory administrated by the Foundation for the Preservation of Jewish Heritage.