Kamianyi Brid Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Ukraine
Region
Zhytomyr
District
Baranivka
Settlement
Kamianyi Brid
Site address
The cemetery is located between Shevchenka (Kirova) and Klubna streets.
GPS coordinates
50.41392, 27.83798
Perimeter length
373 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
no
Type and height of existing fence
There is a 1.5m high wooden fence around the territory. There are metal doors and gate with a basic lock.
Preservation condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery
General site condition
The cemetery is covered with dry seasonal vegetation. There are some broken tombstones. There is a MMZ. Neighbour says that the fence was mounted 7 – 8 years ago- He also says that Jews from Dovbush were buried here.- The territory is being regularly mowed, but out of the personal interest.
Number of existing gravestones
There are around 200 gravestones.
Date of oldest tombstone
1919 (the earliest tombstone found by ESJF).
Date of newest tombstone
1992 (the latest tombstone found by ESJF).
Urgency of erecting a fence
Fence is not needed
Land ownership
Municipality
Preserved construction on site
No
Drone surveys
Yes

Historical overview

The exact period of the cemetery’s establishment is unknown. It was established no later than the early 20th century, as the earliest preserved tombstone dates to 1919. It was not marked on maps of the 1890s-1910s.

The town of Kamianyi Brid (Ukr. Кам’яний Брід, Rus. Каменный Брод , Yid. קאַמענבראָד) is first known to have had Jewish residents in the 18th century. There were 1,147 Jewish residents (65% of the town) in 1897. The main employer in the town was the faience (pottery) factory, owned by an Austrian Jew, A. F. Sussmann. The Bund was active among the factory workers. During the Civil War of 1918–21, the community survived a number of pogroms, with around 250 Jews murdered in 1919. There were 857 Jews (37%) in Kamianyi Brid in 1939. After the arrival of the Germans in 1941, most of the Jews were murdered.
Yuri Kanner, head of the Russian Jewish Congress, was born in Kamianyi Brid in 1955.

The cemetery was established in 1919 to bury the victims of the pogrom. The cemetery was also used by Jews from the nearby community of Dovbysh. There is a monument to Holocaust victims which was opened in 2013.

View 3D model