Jieznas Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Lithuania
Region
Kaunas County
District
Prienai 
Settlement
Jieznas
Site address
Jieznas Jewish Cemetery
GPS coordinates
54.600650, 24.188702
Perimeter length
206 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
yes
Type and height of existing fence
No fence
Preservation condition
Demolished Jewish cemetery that has not been built over
General site condition
Demolished Jewish cemetery that has not been built over. The cemetery site itself is derelict, and is located next to an abandoned farm..
Number of existing gravestones
No tombstones preserved.
Date of oldest tombstone
Date of newest tombstone
Urgency of erecting a fence
High
Land ownership
Property of local community
Preserved construction on site
There is a memorial/installation of some sort on the site. However, given it does not bear any inscription, it cannot be determined whether this is related to the cemetery.
Drone surveys
No

Historical overview

The exact period of the cemetery’s establishment is unknown. Moreover, ESJF could not determine when it was demolished, or the location of its tombstones. Today, no visible traces of the cemetery or its boundaries remain.

Jews first settled in Jieznas (Pl. Jezno, Yid. יעזנע) during the first half of the 19th century. The community had a synagogue, but until 1912, Jiezno had no Jewish cemetery cemetery and used that in Butrimonys. In 1915, the retreating Russian army expelled the local Jews to central Russia. Most of the Jews returned after WWI. YeKoPo (Jewish Committee to Aid Victims of the War) was active in the town. In the Independent Lithuanian state, Jieznas had a primary Hebrew school with a library, which operated within the Tarbut network. Zionist organizations were active until the Soviet occupation in 1940. At that time, there were about 300 Jews in Jieznas, or 27% of the total population. After the German invasion in 1941, Lithuanian nationalists started attacking the Jews even before the German army had reached the town. By September 1941, almost all of the Jews had been murdered. Only 18 escaped, with only 4 surviving the war.

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