Jarczow Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Poland
Region
Lublin Voivodeship
District
Tomaszów
Settlement
Jarczów
Site address
The cemetery is located on 3 Maja Street, Jarczów. Access is through the property of No.36 3 Maja Street.
GPS coordinates
50.42127, 23.58548
Perimeter length
The team could not establish the perimeter.
Is the cemetery demolished
no
Type and height of existing fence
No fence
Preservation condition
Unfenced Jewish cemetery
General site condition
A few fragments of tombstones have been preserved. The cemetery is located among arable fields and meadows.
Number of existing gravestones
6. 1 overturned matzevah and 5 fragments were located.
Date of oldest tombstone
1850
Date of newest tombstone
N/A
Urgency of erecting a fence
High
Land ownership
Private
Preserved construction on site
No
Drone surveys
No

Historical overview

Jarczów was founded as a private town in 1755 under the Magdeburg Law. Jews have lived there since the founding of the town. The synagogue complex was located just behind the northwest corner of the market. In 1886, 328 Jews lived among 386 inhabitants (87% of the total population), and in 1921, there were 208 Jews among 956 inhabitants (22% of the total population). During World War II, the Germans destroyed the buildings of the synagogue complex and, after the war, the ruins were pulled down. In 1942, the Germans deported the Jews to the death camp in Bełżec.

The cemetery was likely established just after the town was founded and was located about 300 metres southwest of the market square, among the fields. It was gradually expanded over the years and, in the second half of the 19th century, it covered an area of 1 morga (approximately 0.56 hectares (ha)). During World War II, the Germans destroyed the cemetery, and the tombstones were used to reinforce the roads. Today, the original 18th-century remains of the cemetery, which covers a quadrilateral-shaped plot of land with an approximate area of 0.06 ha, are visible. The cemetery is moreover covered with trees and there are more than a dozen fragmented limestone and sandstone tombstones. The oldest matzevah is dates to approximately 1760–1780. The other part of the cemetery is used as arable land. The boundaries of the cemetery are imperceptible. So far, two matzevot were removed from the streets, one of which was mounted on the wall at the church square, and the other of which was placed in the cemetery.