Izmayil New Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Ukraine
Region
Odessa
District
Izmayil
Settlement
Izmayil
Site address
3A, Tyha Street.
GPS coordinates
45.33902, 28.85921
Perimeter length
365 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
no
Type and height of existing fence
The cemetery is surrounded by a concrete fence, 2.5 metres high.
Preservation condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery
General site condition
The cemetery is in good condition.
Number of existing gravestones
732
Date of oldest tombstone
1938 (earliest found by ESJF expedition)
Date of newest tombstone
2018
Urgency of erecting a fence
Fence is not needed
Land ownership
Municipality
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys
No

Historical overview

The Jewish cemetery was established in the 1970s. Many gravestones with pre-WWII dates (the earliest from the 1920s, found by the JOWBR survey of 2014) were brought from the old cemetery of Izmayil and erected at the site. The cemetery is still operational.

The Jewish community of Izmayil was first mentioned during the 16th century. In 1827, 549 Jews (6% of the total population) lived in Izmayil, and by 1847, its Jewish population had reached 1,105. In 1825, a synagogue was built. Various rabbis served in the synagogues of Izmayil from the 19th century onwards. One was Yom-Tov-Lipa Landa, who served as rabbi from 1864 to 1872. In 1836, some Jews who had been expelled from Nikolaev and Sevastopol settled here. In 1869, a Jewish hospital was established. A Talmud Tora for children from poor families was operating from 1872 until 1888. In 1872, a pogrom took place in Izmayil, in which 60 Jewish houses were burned. In 1897, the Jewish population numbered 2,780 (12% of the total population), and by 1910, it had grown to 4,348 (12% of the total population). During the early 20th century, two private Jewish schools were operating. During a pogrom in October 1905, about 50 Jews perished. By 1910, three synagogues and a Jewish cemetery were functioning. In the period under Romanian rule, Jewish kindergartens, a Tarbut school and a Jewish hospital were operating. Zionist organisations were active in the town from 1927 onwards. In 1930, the Jewish population was reduced to 1,326 individuals (7% of the total population). The Soviet government deported prosperous Jews of Izmayil to Bolhrad under its rule from 1940 to 1941. After the town’s occupation by German-Romanian forces on July 19, 1941, 120 Jews were murdered. The surviving 52 Jews were confined to a ghetto. Due to influx from refugees from Bessarabia, there were almost 1,000 Jews living in the ghetto. In October 1941, the Jewish population was deported to Transnistria, where the majority perished. In 1959, 1,500 Jews were residing in Izmayil (3% of the total population). In the 1990s, a Jewish religious community was founded.

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