Ivano-Frankove Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Ukraine
Region
Lviv
District
Yavoriv
Settlement
Ivano-Frankove
Site address
Ivano-Frankove Jewish Cemetery
GPS coordinates
49.92369,23.73126
Perimeter length
290 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
yes
Type and height of existing fence
No fence
Preservation condition
Demolished and overbuilt Jewish cemetery
General site condition
Demolished and overbuilt Jewish cemetery. Private houses were built over the eastern and western sides of the cemetery site. Its central part is used for private gardening.
Number of existing gravestones
No tombstones preserved
Date of oldest tombstone
Date of newest tombstone
Urgency of erecting a fence
Fence is not needed
Land ownership
Private
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys
No

Historical overview

The exact period of the cemetery’s establishment is unknown. It appears on maps of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in the 1860s and 1880s. It was also marked on maps of Wojskowy Instytut Geograficzny (WIG) of 1939. According to locals, the cemetery was demolished in 1950s-1960s. The cemetery gate was on the Sadova Street. Jews settled in 1614. The Jewish population of the locality was nearly annihilated during the Khmelnytsky massacres of 1648-49. In the 17th-18th century, the Jews were engaged in trade and leasing. The independent Jewish community emerged in the late 18th century. The Jewish population reached 968 (53.2% of the total population) in 1880. In the late 19th century, the largest meadery in Galicia owned by Itzhak Blat was functioning. In 1876, Yosef-Yitzhak Katz fulfilled the duties of a rabbi in the town, and he was replaced by Menachem Margulius in 1910. The Belz Hasidism predominated. In 1910, the Jewish population reached a peak of 1,117 (43% of the total population). In 1901, the Zionist organization Ahavat Yisrael was established. The Jewish population reduced to 490 (27.1% of the total population) in 1921. The Wehrmacht troops occupied Ivano-Frankove on June 28, 1941. A ghetto was established in summer 1942 and liquidated in November 1942. Some young Jews had survived by escaping to the forests.

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