Ivaniv Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Ukraine
Region
Vinnytsia
District
Kalynivka
Settlement
Ivaniv
Site address
Cemetery does not have an address. Starting at the last house on the west end of Korol’ova Street, follow the dirt road west for approximately 250 metres before following the bushes to the left of the road for another 200 metres. The entrance to the cemetery can be found in the bushes.
GPS coordinates
49.49593, 28.3362
Perimeter length
542 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
no
Type and height of existing fence
Only the front and south sides of the cemetery are fenced. The rest is unfenced. There is a small section of metal fence left by the gate, which is 2 metres tall. Moreover, there is a stone wall on the northwestern perimeter. Its condition and length are difficult to determine due to the bushes.
Preservation condition
Unfenced Jewish cemetery
General site condition
The cemetery is somewhat overgrown and is in need of clearance. There is a mass grave on the site.
Number of existing gravestones
40 (There are likely more, but the thick bushes prevented the team from attaining an accurate count).
Date of oldest tombstone
1908 (the earliest tombstone found by ESJF).
Date of newest tombstone
1982 (the latest tombstone found by ESJF).
Urgency of erecting a fence
High
Land ownership
Municipality
Preserved construction on site
No
Drone surveys
Yes

Historical overview

The exact period of the cemetery’s establishment is unknown. Given the oldest tombstone is dated 1908, it can be inferred the cemetery was already in use by the early 20th century. It can be found marked on maps of Western Russia from 1900.

There is not much information on the Jewish community of Ivaniv. In 1765, there were 765 Jewish residents. In 1887, the Jewish population of Ivaniv was 44% of the town and there were 3 synagogues by 1889. According to the census of 1897 the population grew to 2,088 Jews out of the total of 5,545 (37.7%).
The jewish community was involved in crafting and trading. The Jewish community survived a pogrom between July 11th-15th 1919, in which 300 Jews were murdered. In 1926 there were 1,931 Jews living there.
Ivaniv was occupied on July 27th 1941, and a ghetto was established. On May 30th, 814 Jews were executed and 200 more were executed later. The total number of those killed was 1,008 Jews.
After the war some Jews returned to Ivaniv.

The exact period of the cemetery’s establishment is unknown. The cemetery was established no later than in the early 20th century, as the earliest preserved tombstone dates to 1908. The cemetery is marked on the maps from the 1900s of the region. The most recent gravestone dates to 1982. There are around 40 gravestones. The cemetery land is used for cattle grazing.