Illintsi Old Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Ukraine
Region
Vinnytsia
District
Ilyinetsky
Settlement
Illintsi
Site address
Starting at the intersection of Voroshilov Street and Sobornaya Street , drive 90 metres north along Voroshilov Street before turning left and continuing for a further 120 metres along Voroshilovskaya street, at which point the cemetery can be found to the right, in front of the river.
GPS coordinates
49.10616, 29.19981
Perimeter length
501 мetres
Is the cemetery demolished
no
Type and height of existing fence
The cemetery is unfenced
Preservation condition
Unfenced Jewish cemetery
General site condition
The cemetery is located in a wooded area. It is covered by seasonal vegetation and appears to be abandoned. The cemetery is located in a small wooded area on the slope. It is unfenced and contains 2 broken tombstones.
Number of existing gravestones
2
Date of oldest tombstone
N/A
Date of newest tombstone
N/A
Urgency of erecting a fence
High
Land ownership
Municipality
Preserved construction on site
No
Drone surveys
Yes

Historical overview

The exact period of the cemetery’s establishment is unknown. Given it can be found marked on a Russian map of the region from 1900, it can be inferred it was already in use by the early 20th century.

Jews first settled in Illintsi in the mid-17th century. The Jewish community suffered during the Khmelnytsky uprising. In 1765, there were 386 Jews. The population increased more than 10 times by the end of the 19th century. According to the census of 1847, the Jewish population numbered 3,407 people. In 1852 there were 76 Jewish craftsmen in Illintsi. In 1865, four synagogues operated in the town. According to the census of 1897, the town was home to 4,993 Jews, of a total population of 10,039. At the end of the 19th century, the rabbis were Zvi Hirsch Sherman and Chevil Shaporinsky.

By 1909 there was a private boy’s school in the town. In 1910, there were 9,279 Jews, which was 53% of the population. In 1910 a synagogue and a cemetery were in use. The local Jews owned 36 shops, 19 bakeries, and 11 tanneries.

The Jewish community suffered in the pogroms during WWI. There were six pogroms in total, one in 1917, two in 1919, and three more in 1920. More than 40 Jewish houses were looted. In the 1920s a local Jewish council was established. From the 1920s to the 1930s there was a Yiddish school in Illintsi. By 1939, the Jewish population numbered 2,217 people.

Illintsi was occupied from July 23rd 1941, until March 1944. Jews were put into the ghetto in late August. In November 1943, a number of Jews were murdered. On April 24th 1942, 1,000 Jews were executed and 700 more were murdered between May 27th and 28th. During the occupation, 2,489 Jews were killed.

Some Jewish families returned to the town after WWII and as of 2012 there was a Jewish community in Illintsi. However on November 15th, 2019, the biggest synagogue in the Vinnytsia region burnt down.

The exact period of the cemetery’s establishment is unknown. It cannot be found marked on old maps of the region. It was most likely established in the 19th century. The cemetery is abandoned. There are only five fragments of gravestones left.

View 3D model