Hromokley Jewish Cemetery
The exact period of the cemetery’s establishment is unknown. However, it can be found marked on maps of the region from 1870 and 1941. Presumably, it emerged in the late 19th century and remained in use until WWII. According to locals, the cemetery was demolished some time around the 1960s-70s, after which it has been used for agriculture.
According to locals, Lev Trotsky’s mother was buried here. The site was demolished to make space for farming in the 60s and 70s. Moreover, the site has been used by the inhabitants of Bereslavka for various purposes.
In 1734 the region came under the control of the Russian Empire, and became a part of Novorossiya, from 1802, it belonged to the Kherson Governorate (Khersonskaya gubernia).
Hromokley (or Hromokleya) was founded in 1857 by 16 families as a Jewish agricultural colony. In 1886, it numbered 254 colonists and in 1896, 48 households were inhabited with 334 people. Hromokley by the end of the 19th century had a synagogue and a cheder.
The Jewish population of Hromokley suffered greatly during World War I and the civil war in Russia. In 1918-1919 pogroms, and in 1921-1922, starvation and the spanish flu claimed a number of victims.
After 1922, Hromokley became a part of Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic within the USSR. In 1827, the synagogue was closed, soon after this a Yiddish school was established, which operated until 1938. In 1929-1930, kolkhozes were established, and in 1932-1933 Jews in Hromokley suffered due to the Holodomor.
The vast majority of Jews in Hromokley were murdered in Holocaust.
Since 1970 the village no longer exists.
The Jewish cemetery of Hromokley is totally demolished.