Horodok Old Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Ukraine
Region
Lviv
District
Horodok
Settlement
Horodok
Site address
To reach the cemetery, proceed for about 50 metres in the southern direction from the Horodok Railway Station. The cemetery site is located on the left of the road.
GPS coordinates
49.78636, 23.630678
Perimeter length
385 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
yes
Type and height of existing fence
No fence
Preservation condition
Demolished and overbuilt Jewish cemetery
General site condition
The fenced storage yard was built over the cemetery site.
Number of existing gravestones
No tombstones preserved
Date of oldest tombstone
Date of newest tombstone
Urgency of erecting a fence
Fence is not needed
Land ownership
Private
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys
No

Historical overview

Presumably. the cemetery was established in 18th century. According to local historians, it was closed yet in 1770s by Austrian government, and the New cemetery at Zastavs’ka Street was opened at the same period. However, the cemetery is marked on the Austro-Hungarian map of 1860s. The cemetery was destroyed during WWII and the tombstones were used for a road construction. As expedition of Lo TIshkakh project (2012) notes, the old brick fencing of the cemetery is partly preserved.

Jews settled in Horodok in 1445. In 1765, 788 Jews resided in Horodok (Greiding, in Yiddish). In the 17th and 18th century, the Jews were mainly engaged in commerce. The Jewish population was 2,952 (29,18% of the total population) in 1880 and slightly increased to 3,610 (30,4% of the total population) in 1900. In 1910, 3,866 Jews were inhabitants of the town. At the same year, a synagogue, Beit-Midrash and yeshiva operated. Belz Hasidism predominated in Horodok. After WWI, the Jewish population declined to 2,545 (24% of the total population) by 1921. In the interwar period, all the branches of the Zionist movements were active in Horodok. In 1927, a Bikur-Holim Society was established. In 1931, the Jewish population was 3,281. The Wehrmacht troops captured Horodok on June 29, 1941. During two actions on May 7 and August 13, 1942, many Jews of Horodok were deported to labour camps and the Belzec death camp. On December 26, 1942, 1,300 inhabitants of the Horodok ghetto were murdered. The labour camp was liquidated in May 1943. 20 Jews stood alive by the moment of liberation in July 1944.

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