Gyulahaza Jewish Cemetery
The Jewish cemetery of Gyulaháza is believed to have been founded in the late 18th century. However, the oldest tombstone found in the cemetery dates back to 1862. The cemetery remained in operation until at least 1944 – the year which is marked on the latest tombstone found in the cemetery. The cemetery has been fenced.
The first 4 Jews in Gyulaháza lived in the village around 1747. In 1840, the Jewish community had a population of 62, and reached its peak in 1880 with a population of 168. The population of the community later began to decline and, by 1941, there were only 61 Jews in the village. The community had a small synagogue and religious school and employed a shochet (butcher). In 1895, the community ceased to be independent and joined the larger Jewish community of Kisvárda, using their religious institutions.
During World War I, two Jewish soldiers from Gyulaháza died. When anti-Semitic laws were later implemented, the windows of Jewish shops were broken in a small pogrom. In 1941, 15 Jewish youths were called up for labour service. In 1944, the whole Jewish community was deported to the Kisvárda Ghetto and then to Auschwitz. 15 Jews came back after the war, mostly from forced labour camps, but the community was never re-established.