Gorlice Jewish Cemetery
Jewish families began to settle in Gorlice in the 17th and 18th centuries. At the turn of the 18th century, there was an established independent kehilla with a synagogue and cemetery. The Jewish population in Gorlice rapidly increased in the second half of the 19th century.
The Jewish cemetery in Gorlice is located about 800 metres northwest of the market square, on Stróżowska Street. The cemetery covers an irregularly shaped plot of land of 13,113 square metres and is located on a steep hillside. In the interwar period the cemetery was fenced with a brick wall. There were at least a few hundred tombstones in the cemetery as well as an ohel for the great rabbis. During World War II, people who were killed by the Germans in various parts of Gorlice were buried in the cemetery. The Germans used the cemetery to carry out executions and many Jews, Poles, and Roma were killed there. After liberation, members of the Poviat Jewish Committee in Gorlice cleaned and secured the cemetery and renovated some of the recovered tombstones. They moreover exhumed the bodies of Jews who were killed in the Gorlice region and reburied them in a mass grave in the cemetery. Monuments dedicated to the memory of Holocaust victims were erected in the cemetery.
In the mid-1990’s, the cemetery was cleaned and fenced with a steel fence. From the side of Stróżowska Street, a small lapidary was built using a few dozen matzevot. On October 25, 1995, a handover ceremony of the restored cemetery took place. According to some estimates, there are currently several hundred tombstones in various conditions in the cemetery. Only a few are undamaged and mark the original burial place. The ohel, which was restored in 2014–2015, contains the tombs of Rabbi Baruch Halberstam (the Gorlitzer Rebbe), his son Rabbi Cwi Hirsz, and Dayan Pinchas, a member of the rabbinical court (beit din) and a descendant of the great rabbis from Korzec and Kosów. The cemetery is owned by the Jewish Community in Krakow.