Esen Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Ukraine
Region
Zakarpattia
District
Uzhhorod
Settlement
Esen’
Site address
The cemetery is located on the south-western outskirts of Esen’ village. Proceed south-west for about 800 metres along the dirt road next to the canal from the town’s central intersection. The cemetery is on the right of the road.
GPS coordinates
48.38769, 22.26201
Perimeter length
Fenced perimeter - 151 meter, total perimeter - 239 meters.
Is the cemetery demolished
yes
Type and height of existing fence
The cemetery is surrounded by an old concrete fence with a metal gate.
Preservation condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery
General site condition
The cemetery is in good condition and the territory is clean.
Number of existing gravestones
5
Date of oldest tombstone
1931
Date of newest tombstone
1933
Urgency of erecting a fence
Fence is not needed
Land ownership
Property of local community
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys
Yes

Historical overview

Presumably the Jewish Cemetery of Esen’ was established during the late 19th century. The oldest preserved tombstones date to 1930s. The cemetery was barely damaged during WWII or in the post-war Soviet period. It was not in use after WWII.

Jews are believed to have arrived in the area of Esen’ in the mid-19th century. In 1851, the Jewish population of Esen’ was 24. There was an active synagogue in the town. In 1880, the Jewish population had increased to 111 (7% of the total population). In 1921, during the Czechoslovakian period, the Jewish population was increasing. Hungarians arrived in Esen’ in March 1939. By 1941, the local Jewish population had reached its peak. In 1941, Jews from the area were drafted into forced labour battalions. Others were sent to the Eastern front, where most perished. In August 1941, some families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Kamenets-Podolski in Nazi-occupied Ukrainian territory and murdered. The remaining Jews of Esen’ were deported to Auschwitz in mid-May 1944. No Jews live in the town today.

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