Erzvilkas Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Lithuania
Region
Taurage
District
Jurbarkas 
Settlement
Erzvilkas
Site address
Erzvilkas Jewish Cemetery
GPS coordinates
55.256223, 22.712068
Perimeter length
250 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
yes
Type and height of existing fence
No fence
Preservation condition
Demolished Jewish cemetery that has not been built over
General site condition
Demolished Jewish cemetery that has not been built over. The majority of the cemetery was demolished, and the site is somewhat overgrown. It is located in the woods. Only a few stones resembling matzevot remain on the site.
Number of existing gravestones
3 fragments, presumably of matzevot , without inscriptions.
Date of oldest tombstone
Date of newest tombstone
Urgency of erecting a fence
High
Land ownership
Property of local community
Preserved construction on site
There is a memorial on the site, dedicated to a historical Jewish cemetery and the individuals buried therein.
Drone surveys
No

Historical overview

The exact period of the cemetery’s establishment could not be determined. It is unknown when the cemetery was demolished. Today, there are a few stones on the site which may be fragments of matzevot, and its boundaries are marked by a recently erected monument.

Jews began to settle in Eržvilkas (Pl. Erzwiłki, Yid. ערזוויליק) in the early 19th century. In 1897, the Jewish population was 144, or 20% of the total. The community maintained a beit-midrash and a school. Zionists were active as early as in the Hovevei Zion period. Eržvilkas is the birthplace of translator and historian R. Shimon Glazer (1877–1939) and Prof. Hermann Schapira (1840–98), who was the first to suggest the establishment of the Jewish National Fund and the Hebrew University. In the interwar period, it’s population slowly fell, and there only lived 40–45 Jewish families living in Eržvilkas prior to WWII. Most of them were killed after the German invasion in 1941. There were 22 survivors who were helped by Lithuanian farmers.

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