Domanivka Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Moldova
Region
Kishinev
District
Domanivka
Settlement
Domanivka
Site address
Domanivka Jewish Cemetery
GPS coordinates
47.620773, 30.979285
Perimeter length
324 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
no
Type and height of existing fence
No fence
Preservation condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery
General site condition
Unfenced Jewish cemetery. The cemetery is located in a dense grove on a hill, and is severely overgrown with trees and bushes. Due to the dense vegetation, the borders of the cemetery site are unclear. Clearance and fencing are both required.
Number of existing gravestones
30. It appears there are most likely more tombstones, but excess vegetation prevented the team from establishing an exact count.
Date of oldest tombstone
1894
Date of newest tombstone
1910
Urgency of erecting a fence
High
Land ownership
Forestry
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys
No

Historical overview

The exact period of the cemetery’s establishment is unknown. But since it is depicted on Russian topographic maps of 1880s it can be assumed that the cemetery emerged in the second half of the 19th century. It existed at least from late 19th century, as the oldest found tombstone shows. There is no information about the foundation of the Jewish community in Domanivka. In 1897, 903 Jews (79% of the total population) resided in the town. By 1923, the Jewish population numbered 889, but had dropped to 369 in 1939. In 1930, five Jewish kolkhozes were functioning. Domanivka was occupied by the Wehrmacht on August 5, 1941. A camp for local Jews who had not been evacuated, as well as for Jews from the region of Krivoozers’k and town of Peschanka, Vinnytsia region, and thousands Jews from Transnistria (among them 160 Jews from Kishinev) was established. Thousands of Jews from Odessa were deported to this camp in 1942. According to different sources, from 20,000 to 52,000 Jews were murdered here. In 1994, a monument in honour of the victims was erected.