Chornyy Ostriv Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Ukraine
Region
Khmelnytskyy
District
Khmelnytskyi
Settlement
Chornyy Ostriv
Site address
Chornyy Ostriv Jewish Cemetery
GPS coordinates
49.51442,26.76226
Perimeter length
484 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
no
Type and height of existing fence
No fence
Preservation condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery
General site condition
Unfenced Jewish cemetery. The cemetery is surrounded by a wall made out of sawn trees. Many gravestones were broken by fallen trees when the site was cleaned. There is a waste dump at the corner of the cemetery.
Number of existing gravestones
About 400. Several gravestones are buried in the ground.
Date of oldest tombstone
1848 (oldest found by ESJF expedition)
Date of newest tombstone
2003 (latest found by ESJF expedition)
Urgency of erecting a fence
High
Land ownership
Property of local community
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys
No

Historical overview

The exact period of the cemetery’s establishment is unknown. First, it appears on Russian topographic maps of the 1870s, but the oldest preserved gravestone relates to the mid-19th century. Later, it was marked on maps of 1902 and 1917. Jews presumably settled in the early 18th century. In 1765, 226 Jews resided in Chornyy Ostriv and surrounding villages. In 1847, the Jewish population stood at 1,186, and according to the census of 1897, 2,216 Jews (79% of the total population) lived in the town. In the 19th century, annual fairs were organised in Chornyy Ostriv. Brewing, carpentry, potassic, mechanic and brick plants operated as well. It can be supposed that Jews of Chornyy Ostriv were involved in commerce or worked in the listed plants. A private male Jewish vocational school functioned. The fate of the Jewish community of Chornyy Ostriv during WWII is unknown.