Chervone Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Ukraine
Region
Zhytomyr
District
Andrushivka
Settlement
Mali Moshkivtsi
Site address
Cemetery does not have an address. Drive from Chervone to the village Mali Moshkivtsi. The cemetery is located right behind the Pustoha reservoir, before the crossroad, on the right side of the road.
GPS coordinates
49.96912, 28.87224
Perimeter length
420 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
no
Type and height of existing fence
The is no fence. On the northern side there are old fence posts.
Preservation condition
Unfenced Jewish cemetery
General site condition
The cemetery is covered with tense vegetation. Partly overgrown with bushes. It needs clearing.
Number of existing gravestones
Around 40.
Date of oldest tombstone
1896 (the earliest tombstone found by ESJF).
Date of newest tombstone
1938 (the latest tombstone found by ESJF).
Urgency of erecting a fence
High
Land ownership
Municipality
Preserved construction on site
No
Drone surveys
Yes

Historical overview

According to the Commission on the Preservation of Jewish Heritage, the cemetery was estabalished in the 19th century. It is marked on the Russian map from the 1870’s, on the map of Western Russia in the 1900’s and on the Red Army map of 1941.

Chervone (Ukr.Червоне, Rus. Червоное, Yid. טשערוואָנע) likely had a Jewish community as early as in the 18th century. The Jewish community numbered 363 in 1847. Many of the Jews were employed at the sugar factory, established in 1871. As of 1897, there were 711 Jews in Chervone, which was 27% of the total population. The community had its own rabbi and maintained a beit midrash, which was converted into a Soviet clubroom in 1929. There was also a Jewish school. In 1939, the Jewish population of Chervone was 411. The majority of the Jews were murdered by the Nazis in 1941. There is currently no Jewish community in Chervone.
The cemetery was likely founded in the 19th century. The cemetery is marked on maps from the 1870s. The earliest tombstone dates back to 1895.

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