Biłgoraj Old Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Poland
Region
Lublin Voivodeship
District
Biłgoraj
Settlement
Biłgoraj
Site address
The cemetery is located at the intersection of 3 Maja and Piłsudskiego Streets.
GPS coordinates
50.53723, 22.72207
Perimeter length
407,80 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
no
Type and height of existing fence
No fence
Preservation condition
Demolished and overbuilt Jewish cemetery
General site condition
It is a demolished and overbuilt cemetery. No fence nor any tombstones have been preserved. The precise perimeter is unknown. There is a school built on the cemetery's territory and a memorial stone on the school grounds informing about the existence of a Jewish cemetery on this site. School area. No permission to fly drone.
Number of existing gravestones
No tombstone preserved.
Date of oldest tombstone
N/A
Date of newest tombstone
N/A
Urgency of erecting a fence
Fence is not needed
Land ownership
Municipality
Preserved construction on site
No
Drone surveys
No

Historical overview

The earliest recorded information about the second Jewish cemetery in Biłgoraj dates to 1728 and concerns the efforts of the kehilla (organized Jewish community) to obtain the right to use land close to the city and establish the cemetery there. The cemetery was likely established around 1730. It was located about 600 metres south of the market square and covered a rectangular-shaped plot of land with an area of 0.4 hectares. The cemetery was in use until around 1800 when the third cemetery was established. In the interwar period, it was fenced partly with a wooden fence, partly with a high wall, and was covered with old oaks and wild bushes. In 1941, the cemetery was completely destroyed. The Germans removed the tombstones, cut down trees, and pulled down the fence. The ground was leveled and plowed. Three barracks were built there and used as warehouses and stables. The Jews were also kept in the barracks before deportations. After the war, the area was used to support various economic purposes. In the 1960’s and 1970’s, a complex of buildings and a high school playground were built in the cemetery. The cemetery is commemorated by a boulder with an inscription. No tombstones from the cemetery have been found.