Bibrka Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Ukraine
Region
Lviv
District
Peremyshliany
Settlement
Bibirka
Site address
Bibrka Jewish Cemetery
GPS coordinates
49.63712, 24.30202
Perimeter length
328 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
no
Type and height of existing fence
No fence
Preservation condition
Demolished Jewish cemetery that has not been built over
General site condition
Demolished Jewish cemetery that has not been built over
Number of existing gravestones
No tombstones preserved
Date of oldest tombstone
Date of newest tombstone
Urgency of erecting a fence
Low
Land ownership
Municipality
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys
Yes

Historical overview

Information on the cemetery’s establishment is unknown. It was marked on an Austro-Hungarian military survey maps of 1860s and 1880s. Presumably, it was demolished during and after WWII. The first records about the Jewish community of Bibrka date back to 1625. In 1765, 713 Jews lived here. In the 18th century, the local Jews were engaged in commerce and crafts. In 1788, a school for boys was opened. From 1800 until 1830, one of the leaders of Galician Hasidism, Rabbi Simche ben Yaacov, a disciple of Rabbi Meschulam-Zusi of Annopolsky, was active here. In 1859, the Jewish population numbered 1,778 (63% of the total population). By 1900, it increased to 2,500 (47% of the total population). In the late 19th century, the Zionist society “Ahavath Zion” was established. Since 1910, a tzadik from Stratin, Yithok-Aizik Lenner, lived in Bibrka. At that time, seven synagogues, heders and four charity organisation were active. During the post-war period, the Jewish population was reduced to 1,480 (34% of the total population) by 1921. The Wehrmacht captured Bibrka on June 30, 1941. 60 Jews were killed during a pogrom which was arranged by locals during the first days of the occupation. On July 10, 1941, a ghetto was established, which imprisoned nearly 3,600 Jews. By late August and early December 1942, more than 1,500 Jews had been deported to the extermination camp of Belzec. On April 13, 1943, the remaining population was executed in the cemetery of the nearby village Volovo. About 40 Jews returned to Bibrka after WWII.