Beszterec Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Hungary
Region
Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg
District
Kemecsei
Settlement
Beszterec
Site address
66, Kossuth Street.
GPS coordinates
48.1554, 21.83988
Perimeter length
101 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
yes
Type and height of existing fence
No fence.
Preservation condition
Demolished Jewish cemetery that has not been built over
General site condition
It cemetery site is now the garden of the house at 66, Kossuth Street.
Number of existing gravestones
No tombstones preserved.
Date of oldest tombstone
N/A
Date of newest tombstone
N/A
Urgency of erecting a fence
Fence is not needed
Land ownership
Private
Preserved construction on site
No
Drone surveys
No

Historical overview

The Jewish cemetery of Beszterec existed as early as in 1870, since it appears on the cadastral map of that year. The cemetery was destroyed at an unknown time and built over.

Beszterec is in Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg county, built on the edge of the Tisza River and the Nyírség region. According to prehistoric findings, Beszterec has long been a site of human habitation. In old documents dating pre-1290, it was mentioned as “Biztitch.” The population of the village was entirely Hungarian (mostly Calvinist), though there was always one or two huts belonging to the Roma community as well. Until 1871, only 3 Jewish families lived in the village. In 1880, among the town’s total population of 366, 24 were Jews.

In 1910, the village had 979 inhabitants, 66 of whom were Jewish. In the last third of the 1700’s, around 10-15 families who worked in fishing were among the wealthiest in the town. The fishing industry later passed into the hands of the Jewish community. The fish were taken to the cities of Kálló, Nyírbátor, Kemecse, Dorog, Böszörmény, Nagykálló, Debrecen, and Ordea. Rather than bread, fish was the main food item in the area as well the drinking of brandy (palinka). The Beszterec Jewish community came under the jurisdiction of the Kemecse Jewish community. The Jews of Beszterec were deported later from Nyíregyháza during World War II.

Beszterec Jewish Cemetery
Beszterec Jewish Cemetery
Beszterec Jewish Cemetery
Beszterec Jewish Cemetery
Beszterec Jewish Cemetery
Beszterec Jewish Cemetery
Beszterec Jewish Cemetery