Berehomet Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Ukraine
Region
Chernivtsi
District
Vyzhnytsia
Settlement
Berehomet
Site address
Berehomet Jewish Cemetery
GPS coordinates
48.17284, 25.3421
Perimeter length
338 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
yes
Type and height of existing fence
No fence
Preservation condition
Demolished and overbuilt Jewish cemetery
General site condition
Demolished and overbuilt Jewish cemetery. The cemetery site is overbuilt. There are industrial buildings oh the site.
Number of existing gravestones
No tombstones preserved
Date of oldest tombstone
Date of newest tombstone
Urgency of erecting a fence
Fence is not needed
Land ownership
Property of local community
Preserved construction on site
There is an ohel on the cemetery site.
Drone surveys
No

Historical overview

Presumably, the cemetery was established in 1869, and it was a New Jewish cemetery in Berehomet. It can be supposed that it was demolished after WWII in the 1960-80s and later built over. An ohel was erected on the cemetery site in the 2000s by the Ohaley Tzadikkim organization.
Jews first settled in Berehomet in the 17th century. By the end of the 17th century, a Jewish community, a synagogue and a cemetery functioned. The Vizhnitz Hasidic dynasty predominated in the town. The Jews were engaged in the lumber trade, logging and pottery. In the late 19th century, the Jewish community maintained two synagogues, two mikvah baths, three Heder classes and two Talmud-Torah institutions. By the end of the 19th century, the Zionist movement started with the Tomkhe Zion organization. In 1919, a Hebrew school was opened. In the 1920-30s, a religious Zionist organization Mizrachi and youth Zionist organisation Bnei Akiva and Ha-Noar Ha-Zioni operated. In 1930, the Jewish population stood at 979 people (10% of the total population). In 1939, 120 Jews (12% of the total population) resided in Berehomet. During the occupation of the German-Romanian forces in 1941–1943, the half of the Jewish population was murdered. In 1944, the remnants of the Jewish community were expelled to Transnistria, and only a few of them returned. In 1945, the Ukrainian Insurgent Army burned two synagogues and all the Jewish houses and murdered five Jews.