Belchatow Old Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Poland
Region
Łódzkie Voivodeship
District
Bełchatów
Settlement
Bełchatów
Site address
The cemetery is located somewhere on Kempfinówka Street.
GPS coordinates
51.3685, 19.37974
Perimeter length
N/A
Is the cemetery demolished
yes
Type and height of existing fence
No fence
Preservation condition
Demolished and overbuilt Jewish cemetery
General site condition
The area has been built over by private estates. The residents are ignorant of any Jewish cemetery in this location.
Number of existing gravestones
No tombstones preserved.
Date of oldest tombstone
N/A
Date of newest tombstone
N/A
Urgency of erecting a fence
Fence is not needed
Land ownership
Private
Preserved construction on site
No
Drone surveys
No

Historical overview

The old Jewish cemetery in Bełchatów was founded in the first half of the 19th century. Its exact establishment date is unknown. It was located in an area known as Kemfinówka. During World War II, the cemetery was destroyed by the Germans, and the matzevot were used to pave sidewalks and to regulate the Rakówka river basin. After 1945, the government used the area for construction purposes. No tombstones remain in the area. The cemetery had an acreage of 0.2 hectares.

Bełchatów was founded in 1737. In the 19th century it was one of 246 cities where Jewish residents were not subject to settlement restrictions. As a result, in 1809. Jewish residents comprised 11% of the total population, and 80% by 1864. An independent kehilla (organized Jewish community) was founded in Bełchatów in 1820, and by 1824 the community had its own cemetery and synagogue. Anti-Semitic laws were implemented in 1939 following the German occupation of the city. On March 1, 1941, a ghetto was established in the area bordered by Fabryczna, Pabianicka, Sienkiewicza Streets, and Narutowicza Square. In August 1942, the Germans began to liquidate the ghetto. Most of the residents were transported to the death camp in Chełmno.