Bedkow Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Poland
Region
Łódzkie Voivodeship
District
Tomaszów Mazowiecki
Settlement
Gutków
Site address
The cemetery is located in woodland, about 1km north of the village of Gutków.
GPS coordinates
51.5782163, 19.7733307
Perimeter length
595 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
no
Type and height of existing fence
No fence
Preservation condition
Demolished Jewish cemetery that has not been built over
General site condition
The destroyed cemetery is located in the middle of the forest, about 1km north of Gutków village. No traces of the cemetery have been preserved. There are no fragments of matzevot nor remnants of the former fence.
Number of existing gravestones
No tombstones preserved
Date of oldest tombstone
N/A
Date of newest tombstone
N/A
Urgency of erecting a fence
High
Land ownership
Other
Preserved construction on site
No
Drone surveys
Yes

Historical overview

Będków was founded as a town before 1453. In 1870, its foundation status was downgraded to a settlement. The first Jews appeared in Będków in the 18th century, where they rented at the local inn. However, after some time, (likely at the end of their lease,) they left the town, only returning to Będków in the 19th century. In 1827, the Jewish community of Będków numbered 67 people, constituting 9% of the total population. There were 248 Jews in 1857 (41% of the total population), and 228 Jews in 1921 (33% of the total population). The Jewish community of Będków was poor, working mainly in the field of small trade and crafts. The Jews of Będków were subordinate to the Jewish community in Ujazd. Between April and May 1942, a ghetto was established in Będków, where about 300 people, including people from Będków, Rzgow, and Tuszyn, were forced to gather. The Będków Ghetto functioned until September 1942, after which the remaining Jews were transported from the Skrzynki station to the extermination camp in Treblinka.

The cemetery’s exact establishment date is unknown, though it was likely established in the 19th century. The cemetery’s existence was mentioned in the press in 1876 in relation to the trial of three inhabitants of Będków. It is located in a forest about 1 km southeast of the village centre. Today, the area covers about 0.15 hectares. The cemetery was almost entirely destroyed, and no tombstones have survived. The local population used matzevot to build foundations for houses, farm buildings, and footbridges in drainage ditches. The remains of the foundation of the stone fence have been preserved.