Bazaliia Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Ukraine
Region
Khmelnytskyy
District
Teofipol
Settlement
Bazaliia
Site address
To reach the cemetery, proceed in the eastern direction from the centre of Bazaliia. Pass the bridge over the Sluch River. Proceed for about 100 metres in the southern direction crossroads The cemetery is located in the fields on the right of the road.
GPS coordinates
49.70994, 26.48568
Perimeter length
248 metres. The perimeter is approximate.
Is the cemetery demolished
yes
Type and height of existing fence
No fence
Preservation condition
Demolished Jewish cemetery that has not been built over
General site condition
The cemetery site is used for cattle grazing.
Number of existing gravestones
No tombstones preserved. The gravestones were used to pave sidewalks.
Date of oldest tombstone
Date of newest tombstone
Urgency of erecting a fence
Low
Land ownership
State
Preserved construction on site
There is a memorial without inscriptions on the cemetery site.
Drone surveys
No

Historical overview

The exact period of the cemetery’s establishment is unknown. According to archive information published in the O. Rybchyns’kyy’s article, there was on Jewish cemetery in Bazaliia in 1826. It can be assumed that the cemetery emerged in the first half of the 19th century. First, it appears on a Russian topographic map in the 1880s. Later, it was also marked on a Russian map of 1915 and Polish maps of 1939.

The first Jews settled in the late 17th century. In 1765, 240 Jews were inhabitants of Bazaliia. The figure grew to 1,225 and reached a peak of the Jewish population in 1797. One of the Jewish printing presses was in operation from the 18th century. Hasidism were present in the town. There were 820 Jewish residents (24,3% of the total population), and, in 1923, under the Soviets, this number dropped to 353. In 1939, 410 Jews resided in Bazaliia. On July 6, 1941, Bazaliia was occupied by the Wehrmacht troops. A ghetto for the Jews of Bazaliia and neighbouring villages was established in 1942. In July 1942, the Jews of Bazaliia and its outskirts were dispatched to Manivtsy, where they were murdered.

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