Baranivka Jewish Cemetery
The exact period of the cemetery’s establishment is unknown. It was established no later than the early 20th century, as the earliest preserved tombstone dates to 1910. It is marked on maps from the 1890s-1910s.
The town of Baranivka (Ukr. Баранівка, Rus. Барановка, Yid. באַראָנעווקע) has had a Jewish presence from as early as in the 17th century. There were 893 Jews in Baranivka in 1847. By 1897, 1,990 of the town’s 2,095 residents were Jewish (95%). The Jewish community maintained a hospital, a boys’ and a girls’ school and a loan fund. During the Civil War of 1918–21, the Jews were forced to pay a tribute in order to prevent a pogrom at the hands of Petliura’s troops, despite this however a pogrom was staged by the Red Army soldiers in 1920. In the interwar period, the Jewish population gradually declined from 1,602 (30%) in 1926 to 1,447 (23%) in 1939. After the arrival of the Germans in July 1941, Jews were confined in a ghetto, where over 1,000 were killed between July 1941, and January 1942. As of 2001, there were 25 Jews still living in Baranivka and the surrounding areas.
It is unknown when exactly the cemetery was founded. It is marked on maps from around 1900 and the earliest tombstone dates back to 1910.