Ananyiv New Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Ukraine
Region
Odessa
District
Ananyiv
Settlement
Ananyiv
Site address
Ananyiv New Jewish Cemetery
GPS coordinates
47.70788, 29.96759
Perimeter length
196 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
no
Type and height of existing fence
Type of the fence
Preservation condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery
General site condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery. The territory is overgrown and littered in some parts. The wooden fence does not sufficiently protect the site.
Number of existing gravestones
Around 800
Date of oldest tombstone
1928
Date of newest tombstone
2016
Urgency of erecting a fence
Medium
Land ownership
Municipality
Preserved construction on site
There are no structures on the cemetery.
Drone surveys
No

Historical overview

The cemetery was founded after WWII. Some earlier tombstones are brought from the Old cemetery.

Jews settled in Ananyiv in the first part of the 19th century. At the same time, the community opened a synagogue and a cemetery. From 1837, a hevra kadisha was operating. In 1856, 532 Jews lived in the town. In 1897, the Jewish population had reached 3,257 (20% of the total population). In the late 19th century, a Jewish government vocational school as well as a Jewish private vocational school for women were functioning. In the early 20th century, the Jewish community had five synagogues and two Jewish cemeteries. The first and most severe pogrom among a series of violent actions against the Jews of Ananyiv took place on April 27, 1881: 175 houses of the Jewish community were damaged. Pogroms also took place in 1905 and 1919, organised by parts of the Directory of the Ukrainian National Republic. The Jewish population in 1910 numbered 4,817 (22% of the total population). In 1926, there were 3,516 Jews living in the town (19% of the total population). At the beginning of WWII, the Jewish population numbered 1,779 (31% of the total population). In the early 1920s, a Jewish self-defence detachment with 300 members was created, 220 of whom died in battle with Tyutyunnik’s gang. In the 1930s, several synagogues existed. In 1934, the operating Jewish school was closed. On August 28, 1941, after the Nazi occupation, 300 Jews were shot. On September 3, 1941, the ghetto in Ananyiv was created. In October 1941, deportations to Transnistria began. During the occupation period from 1941 to 1944, approximately 3,700 Jews were murdered. In June 1995, a memorial sign was erected on the execution site. In 1998, about 30 Jews were residing in Ananyiv.